Zenas Winsor McCay was an American cartoonist and animator. He is best known for the animated film Gertie the Dinosaur. For contractual reasons, he worked under the pen name Silas on the comic strip Dream of the Rarebit Fiend. From a young age, McCay was a quick and technically dextrous artist, he started his professional career making posters and performing for dime museums, in 1898 began illustrating newspapers and magazines. In 1903 he joined the New York Herald, where he created popular comic strips such as Little Sammy Sneeze and Dream of the Rarebit Fiend. In 1905 his signature strip Little Nemo in Slumberland debuted—a fantasy strip in an Art Nouveau style about a young boy and his adventurous dreams; the strip demonstrated mastery of color and linear perspective. McCay experimented with the formal elements of the comic strip page and sizing panels to increase impact and enhance the narrative. McCay produced numerous detailed editorial cartoons and was a popular performer of chalk talks on the vaudeville circuit.
McCay was an early animation pioneer. The first three served in his vaudeville act. McCay and his assistants worked for twenty-two months on his most ambitious film, The Sinking of the Lusitania, a patriotic recreation of the German torpedoing in 1915 of the RMS Lusitania. Lusitania did not enjoy as much commercial success as the earlier films, McCay's movies attracted little attention, his animation and comic strip work was curtailed as newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, his employer since 1911, expected McCay to devote his energies to editorial illustrations. In his drawing, McCay made bold, prodigious use of linear perspective in detailed architecture and cityscapes, he textured his editorial cartoons with copious fine hatching, made color a central element in Little Nemo. His comic strip work has influenced generations of illustrators; the technical level of McCay's animation—its naturalism and scale—was unmatched until the work of Fleischer Studios in the late 1920s, followed by Walt Disney's feature films in the 1930s.
He pioneered inbetweening, the use of registration marks and other animation techniques that were to become standard. McCay's paternal grandparents, farmers Donald and Christiana McKay, immigrated from Scotland to Upper Canada in the mid-1830s. McCay's father, Robert McKay was born in the third of six children. McCay's maternal grandparents and Mary Murray, were Scottish immigrants, settled as farmers in East Zorra in Upper Canada, their daughter Janet was the third of nine children. Robert was a member of King Solomon's No. 43 Masonic Lodge in Woodstock. In 1862, Robert first traveled to the U. S. Robert and the twenty-five-year-old Janet married on January 8, 1866, at Woodstock's Methodist Episcopal Church; the couple moved across the Canada–US border in the year and settled in Spring Lake, Michigan, on the eastern coast of Lake Michigan. Robert was employed by American entrepreneur Zenas G. Winsor, with whom he had made contact in Canada. Records of McCay's birth are not extant, he stated in an interview in 1910 that he was born in 1869, this is the year listed on his grave marker.
Late in life, he told friends he was born September 26, 1871, in Spring Lake, they published this information in a magazine. Michigan census records from 1870 and 1880 list a Zenas W. McKay, born in Canada in 1867, others have speculated 1866 or 1868 based on evidence on how the censuses were carried out. No Canadian birth record has been found, a fire in Spring Lake in May 1893 could have destroyed any American birth record he may have had, his obituary in the New York Herald Tribune stated, "not Mr. McCay knew his exact age"; the McCays had two more children: Arthur in 1868, Mae in 1876. Both were born in Michigan. Robert worked as a teamster under Winsor, by May 1870 had saved enough money to buy a parcel of land. From 1879 to 1881, he worked as a retail grocer. In 1885 he moved the family to Stanton and expanded his land holdings. By 1905, Robert was a notary public, he had settled in Edmore, by this point had changed the spelling of his surname from "McKay" to "McCay". His son related this story about the change: Three Scotsmen of the clan McKay were looking for a fourth member to fight four members of the Irish clan Magee...'I'm not one of you', my father pointed out.'You see, I'm one of the clan M-c-C-A-Y.'
And, how I got both my name and my sense of humor. McCay came to be known by Winsor, his drawing skills emerged early. According to a story told within the family, McCay made his first drawing in the aftermath of one of the many fires that hit Spring Lake: he picked up a nail and etched the scene of the fire in the frost of a windowpane. Drawing became obsessive for him, he was able to draw from memory things he had never before drawn—what McCay called "memory sketching". His father thought little of his son's artistic talents and had him sent to Cleary Business College in Ypsilanti, Michigan. McCay attended classes, he bragged about how he would catch the train to Detroit to show o
Himanshu Roy was an Indian police officer, who served as the Additional Director General of Police of Maharashtra. He was ATS Maharashtra Chief, he was an IPS officer of Maharashtra Cadre of 1988 batch and alumnus of St. Xavier's College, Mumbai. During 2013 Indian Premier League spot-fixing and betting case, he was responsible for the arrest of Vindu Dara Singh who had alleged links to bookies in spot fixing. Himanshu Roy is the brother-in-law of Amish Tripathi On 11 May 2018, at around 12:40pm, Himanshu Roy shot himself at his residence, he could not be saved. He was suffering from cancer for a long time. Roy was involved with solving several high-profile cases including the firing on Dawood Ibrahim's brother Iqbal Kaskar's driver Arif Bael, Journalist J Dey's murder case, the double murder case involving Vijay Palande, Laila Khan's murder case and the murder of law graduate Pallavi Purkhayasta
An email backbone is the middleware of an email infrastructure that manages SMTP-based applications and external email message routing, policy management and enforcement. The email backbone is the portion of the email infrastructure that "sits between" the gateway DMZ layer and the “email groupware system” layer of the messaging infrastructure, such as Microsoft Exchange or Lotus Notes/Domino; the email backbone is sometimes referred to as the messaging fabric or a messaging infrastructure layer Many businesses are either considering or are migrating to cloud-based email because it can offer a number of important benefits. These benefits may include lower cost of ownership, more predictable costs, the shift from a capital expenditure to an operational cost model, less demand for internal IT resources; the typical email infrastructure functions that are moved to the cloud include the email filtering layer for spam and virus protection, message archiving and the "email groupware system" mailboxes.
The email backbone layer stays on on-premises. The benefits of moving email to the cloud are compelling and quantifiable, but there are advantages to keeping the email backbone layer of the messaging infrastructure on-premises while leveraging cloud-based services for common email functions such as spam and virus filtering and the end user mailbox system, such as Microsoft Exchange. For example, an on-premises email backbone can provide policy management to enforce outbound messaging policies, such as encrypting sensitive messages, before the contents of the email leaves the organization. Other benefits of an on-premises email backbone include the ability to manage a wide variety of mobile platforms at lower cost, the ability to maintain legacy records management systems, integration with existing voicemail systems. Further, many organizations have complex routing and SMTP application requirements that require the use of an email backbone after key parts of the email infrastructure have been migrated to the cloud.
For example and control requirements can be quite complex and cannot be satisfied by cloud-based email systems. Examples of these requirements include: Appending required disclaimers on outbound messages that are specific to particular countries to which emails are sent. Establishing ethical walls between parts of an organization to remain in compliance with statutory obligations. Management of application-to-human communications, such as transaction alerts or communications from various types of office equipment Human-to-application messages, such as communications with an automated help desk system, IT support applications with which employees and other communicate, or CRM systems. Management of critical application-to-application communications, such as wire transfers between banks. Email header address re-writing. At the enterprise level, the choice about how to manage email is not a decision about on-premises or cloud, but rather which services will remain on-premises and which will be managed in the cloud.
Over the next several years, email management will evolve toward a hybrid model using an Email Backbone for all but the smallest organizations. A messaging fabric: the case for a messaging infrastructure layer by the internet research group report Strengthen your email backbone, The Tech Herald What are the top drawbacks of email in the cloud? Gartner Video What are the top advantages of email in the cloud? Gartner Video How cloud and on-premises platforms work together