Battle of Logorište

The Battle of Logorište was fought east of Duga Resa and south of Karlovac, from 4–6 November 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence, between the Croatian National Guard and the Yugoslav People's Army. The ZNG placed the JNA-held Logorište barracks under a blockade as part of the countrywide Battle of the Barracks, which aimed to pin down JNA units isolated in their bases and force them to surrender weapons and ammunition to the ZNG. However, the JNA garrison broke out from the besieged barracks with part of its stored equipment before the ZNG claimed the vacant base; the breakout was supported by JNA units and SAO Krajina units deployed to lift the blockade of the barracks and other JNA garrisons in Karlovac. A battle ensued as the ZNG attempted to contain advancing JNA units, ending with a ceasefire signed in The Hague. Although both sides claimed victory, neither achieved all their objectives. Heavy fighting was reported in the Karlovac suburb of Turanj, identified as the primary axis of the JNA effort.

While the JNA removed some weapons and equipment stored in the Logorište barracks, the remaining supplies were removed by the ZNG over a one-week period after the battle. In 1990, after the electoral defeat of the government of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, ethnic tensions between Croats and Croatian Serbs worsened; the Yugoslav People's Army confiscated the Croatian Territorial Defence Force's weapons to minimize resistance. On 17 August, tensions escalated into an open revolt by the Croatian Serbs centred on the predominantly Serb-populated areas of the Dalmatian hinterland around Knin, parts of Lika, Kordun and Slavonia. After two unsuccessful attempts by Serbia to obtain the Yugoslav Presidency's approval for a JNA operation to disarm Croatian security forces in January 1991—and a bloodless skirmish between Serb insurgents and Croatian special police in March—the JNA, supported by Serbia and its allies, asked the federal presidency for wartime powers and the declaration of a state of emergency.

The request was denied on 15 March, the JNA came under the control of Serbian President Slobodan Milošević. Milošević, preferring a campaign to expand Serbia rather than preserve Yugoslavia, publicly threatened to replace the JNA with a Serbian army and declared that he no longer recognized the authority of the federal presidency; the threat caused the JNA to abandon plans to preserve Yugoslavia in favour of Serbian expansion. By the end of March the conflict escalated with its first fatalities, during the Plitvice Lakes incident; the JNA stepped in, preventing the Croatian police from intervening. In early April, leaders of the Serb revolt in Croatia declared their intention to integrate the area under their control with Serbia. At the beginning of 1991 Croatia had no regular army, in an effort to bolster its defence the country doubled its police force to about 20,000; the force's most effective component was its 3,000-strong special police, deployed in 12 battalions with a military structure.

There were a 9,000–10,000-strong regionally-organized reserve police, grouped into 16 battalions and 10 companies. The reserve police carried only small arms, a portion of the force was unarmed. Although the Croatian government responded in May by forming the Croatian National Guard, its development was hampered by a United Nations arms embargo introduced in September. On 12 September the ZNG was ordered to blockade all JNA facilities it could reach, beginning the Battle of the Barracks. In late September and early October 1991, the blockade of JNA barracks in and around Karlovac and Croatian defences in the city were maintained by about 900 police and ZNG troops; the troops were assigned to the 110th Infantry Brigade and the under-strength 3rd Battalion of the 2nd Guards Brigade. The 110th Infantry Brigade, at one-third of its planned strength due to poor organisation and a shortage of weapons, was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Rudolf Brlečić; the JNA's Stjepan Milašinčić-Seljo barracks in Logorište, south of Karlovac, was one of the largest weapons-storage facilities in Croatia.

The barracks contained weapons and equipment for the 8th Proletarian Motorised Brigade, the 471st Mixed Antitank Artillery Brigade, elements of the logistics battalion of the 580th Mixed Artillery Brigade, an armoured battalion of the 236th Proletarian Motorised Brigade and 200 tonnes of fuel and stockpiled food assigned to the 944th Logistics Base. During the summer of 1990, a mechanised battalion of the 4th Armoured Brigade was moved from Jastrebarsko to the Logorište barracks; when the battalion was deployed to Lika in late March 1991, about 40 men remained at the barracks. The barracks commander was Lieutenant Colonel Boro Ercegovac, commanding officer of the 8th Proletarian Motorised Brigade; the 1st Battalion of the ZNG's 110th Infantry Brigade blockaded the barracks on 19 September to contain the JNA and prevent the removal of weapons. The blockade was poorly organised, allowing a pair of tanks to leave the barracks and raid a nearby settlement two days later. To relieve blockaded garrisons in the Karlovac area the JNA redeployed the 169th Motorised Brigade from Loznica and three detachments of the TO from Vojnić, assigning them to Operational Group 1.

OG-1 attacked Croatian defences on 4 Octo

Harm Lagaay

Harm Lagaay is a Dutch automobile designer. Educated in the Netherlands he completed the studies at the IVA and went to work for a Dutch company Olyslager in Soest. In the late 1960s, Lagaay went to work for Simca from 1971 for Porsche, he worked in the team designing the Porsche 911 and designed the Porsche 924. From 1977 Lagaay worked as Chief of Design for Ford in Cologne, moved to BMW in 1985. Lagaay designed the BMW Z1 sports car, with electric doors hiding under the car's chassis and exchangeable body panels; this car did not have commercial success, as only 8000 were sold. Today, the BMW Z1 is a collector's item, he returned to Porsche in 1989 as head of the "Style Porsche" department in Weissach. As well as the Porsches of the period – the Porsche 968, Porsche 993, Cayenne, 996, Carrera GT – he oversaw the company's work for external clients, he has been followed by Michael Mauer of Germany. Adrian van Hooydonk Porsche names new Design Chief.