Demographics of Singapore
The demographics of Singapore include the population statistics of Singapore such as population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other demographic data of the population. As of June 2017, the island's population stood at 5.4 million. A large percentage of its population are non-residents, it is the second-densest sovereign state in the world, after the microstate Monaco. Singapore is a multiracial and multicultural country with ethnic Chinese and ethnic Indians making up the majority of the population. There are Eurasians in Singapore; the Malays are recognised as the indigenous community. Since independence the demographics of Singapore are broadly organised under the CMIO system of categorisation. There are four official languages in Singapore: Malay, English and Tamil. Malay is the national language. Education in Singapore is bilingual whereby English is the main medium of instruction and students are taught a second langugage which may be Malay, Mandarin, or Tamil.
Religions include Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, amongst others. The annual total population growth rate for the year 2015 was 1.2%. Singapore’s resident total fertility rate was 1.24 in 2015. In 2010, the Singaporean Malay fertility rate was about 70% higher than that of Singaporean Chinese and Singaporean Indians. Singapore is ranked the most infertile country in the world by CIA World Factbook with a fertility rate of 0.84 in 2018. The growth of population in Singapore was for a long period fueled by immigration, starting soon after Stamford Raffles landed in Singapore in 1819, when the population of the island was estimated to be around 1,000; the first official census was taken in January 1824 and recorded 10,683 residents: 4,580 Malays, 3,317 Chinese, 1,925 Bugis, 756 natives of India, 74 Europeans, 16 Armenians, 15 Arabs. Chinese males outnumbered the females; the figures for around a thousand Indians in 1826 are similarly skewed towards male – 209 male and 35 female Bengalis, 772 males and 5 females from the Coromandel Coast.
By 1836, the population figure had risen to 29,980, marked a change in demography as the Malays were outnumbered for the first time. Women from China were discouraged from emigrating, most of the Chinese females in this early period of Singapore were nyonyas from Malacca; the imbalance of the sexes continued for a long period, for example, the 1901 census figures show that there were 130,367 Chinese males compared to 33,674 Chinese females. Such imbalance meant that fewer people were born in early Singapore, in the first hundred years, most of the Chinese population in Singapore were immigrants. By the late 1890s, only around 10% of the Chinese population in Singapore were born there. Many of the early migrant workers from China and India did not intend to settle permanently to raise their families in Singapore. An increasing number of Chinese would choose to settle permanently in Singapore in the 1920s when it became more favourable to stay in Singapore rather than returning to China, a greater number chose to remain in Singapore.
Change in social attitude in the modern era meant that Chinese women were freer to emigrate from China, the sex ratio began to normalise. This gradual normalisation of sex ratio led to an increase in the number of native births. Immigration would continue to be the main reason for the Chinese population increase in Singapore until the 1931–1947 period when the natural increase in population surpassed the net immigration figure. After World War II, in the period from 1947 to 1957, Singapore saw a massive population increase due to increased number of native births; the birth rate rose and the death rate fell. Immigration to Singapore fell after Singapore independence due to tighter control of immigration from Malaysia and other countries; the population increase became dominated by native births with 315,400 in the 1970–1980 period due to natural increase compared to 24,000 from net migration. However, a lower rate of natural growth in population and the need for low-skill labour resulted in a deliberate shift in policy by the Singapore government to allow more foreigners to live and work in the country, net migration increased in the 1980–1990 period to nearly 200,000.
By the decade of 1990–2000, the net migrant number of over 600,000 had surpassed the natural growth of the population, accounted for nearly two-third of the population increase. The same high level of immigration is seen in the next decade with 664,083 net migration recorded. Due to the continued low birth rate, amongst other reasons, the Singapore government has varied its immigration policy over the years. As
Philippine Declaration of Independence
The Philippine Declaration of Independence was proclaimed on June 12, 1898 in Cavite II el Viejo, Philippines. With the public reading of the Act of the Proclamation of Independence of the Filipino People, Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain. In 1896, the Philippine Revolution began. In December 1897, the Spanish government and the revolutionaries signed a truce, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, requiring that the Spanish pay the revolutionaries 800,000 pesos and that Aguinaldo and other leaders go into exile in Hong Kong. In April 1898, at the outbreak of the Spanish–American War, Commodore George Dewey aboard the U. S. S. Olympia sailed into Manila Bay leading the Asiatic Squadron of the U. S. Navy. On May 1, 1898, the United States defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Manila Bay. Emilio Aguinaldo decided to return to the Philippines to help American forces defeat the Spaniards.
The U. S. Navy agreed to transport him back aboard the USS McCulloch, on May 19, he arrived in Cavite. Independence was proclaimed on June 12, 1898 between four and five in the afternoon in Cavite at the ancestral home of General Emilio Aguinaldo some 30 kilometres south of Manila; the event saw the unfurling of the Flag of the Philippines, made in Hong Kong by Marcela Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo, Delfina Herboza, the performance of the Marcha Filipina Magdalo, as the national anthem, now known as Lupang Hinirang, composed by Julián Felipe and played by the San Francisco de Malabon marching band. The Act of the Declaration of Independence was prepared and read by Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista in Spanish; the Declaration was signed by 98 people, among them a United States Army officer who witnessed the proclamation. The final paragraph states that there was a "stranger" who attended the proceedings, Mr. L. M. Johnson, described as "a citizen of the U. S. A, a Colonel of Artillery". Despite his prior military experience, Johnson had no official role in the Philippines.
The proclamation of Philippine independence was, promulgated on 1 August, when many towns had been organized under the rules laid down by the Dictatorial Government of General Aguinaldo. 190 municipal presidents of different towns from 16 provinces—Manila, Laguna, Bulacan, Infanta, Tayabas, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, La Union and Zambales—ratified the Proclamation of Independence in Bacoor, Cavite. At Malolos, the Malolos Congress modified the declaration upon the insistence of Apolinario Mabini who objected to that the original proclamation placed the Philippines under the protection of the United States; the declaration was never recognized by either Spain. In 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States in the 1898 Treaty of Paris that ended the Spanish–American War; the Philippine Revolutionary Government did not recognize the treaty or American sovereignty, subsequently fought and lost a conflict with the United States referred to by the Americans as the "Philippine Insurrection" but now and called the Philippine–American War, which ended when Emilio Aguinaldo was captured by U.
S. forces, issued a statement acknowledging and accepting the sovereignty of the United States over the Philippines. This was followed on July 2, 1902, by U. S. Secretary of War Elihu Root telegraphing that the insurrection the United States had come to an end and that provincial civil governments had been established everywhere except those areas inhabited by Moro tribes. Pockets of resistance continued for several years. Following the end of World War II, the United States granted independence to the Philippines on 4 July 1946 via the Treaty of Manila. July 4 was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until August 4, 1964 when, upon the advice of historians and the urging of nationalists, President Diosdado Macapagal signed into law Republic Act No. 4166 designating June 12 as the country's Independence Day. June 12 had been observed as Flag Day and many government buildings are urged to display the Philippine Flag in their offices; the Declaration is housed in the National Library of the Philippines.
It is not on public display but can be viewed with permission like any other document held by the National Library. During the Philippine–American War, the American government captured and sent to the United States about 400,000 historical documents. In 1958, the documents were given to the Philippine government along with two sets of microfilm of the entire collection, with the U. S. Federal Government keeping one set. Sometime in the 1980s or 1990s the Declaration was stolen from the National Library; as part of a larger investigation into the widespread theft of historical documents and a subsequent public appeal for the return of stolen documents, the Declaration was returned to the National Library in 1994 by historian and University of the Philippines professor Milagros Guerrero, who mediated the return of the documents. The Act of the Proclamation of the Independence of the Filipino People is part of a long line of declarations of independence including the United States Declaration of Independence.
It includes a list of grievances against the Spanis
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of federal government. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country; the southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species. Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire, along with the British Straits Settlements protectorate.
Peninsular Malaysia was unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaya united with North Borneo and Singapore on 16 September 1963 to become Malaysia. In 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation; the country is multi-cultural, which plays a large role in its politics. About half the population is ethnically Malay, with large minorities of Malaysian Chinese, Malaysian Indians, indigenous peoples. While recognising Islam as the country's established religion, the constitution grants freedom of religion to non-Muslims; the government system is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law. The head of state is the king, known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, he is an elected monarch chosen from the hereditary rulers of the nine Malay states every five years. The head of government is the Prime Minister; the country's official language is a standard form of the Malay language.
English remains an active second language. Since independence, Malaysian GDP has grown at an average of 6.5% per annum for 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism and medical tourism. Today, Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked fourth largest in Southeast Asia and 38th largest in the world, it is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the East Asia Summit and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, a member of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement. The name "Malaysia" is a combination of the word "Malay" and the Latin-Greek suffix "-sia"/-σία; the word "melayu" in Malay may derive from the Tamil words "malai" and "ur" meaning "mountain" and "city, land", respectively. "Malayadvipa" was the word used by ancient Indian traders. Whether or not it originated from these roots, the word "melayu" or "mlayu" may have been used in early Malay/Javanese to mean to accelerate or run.
This term was applied to describe the strong current of the river Melayu in Sumatra. The name was adopted by the Melayu Kingdom that existed in the seventh century on Sumatra. Before the onset of European colonisation, the Malay Peninsula was known natively as "Tanah Melayu". Under a racial classification created by a German scholar Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, the natives of maritime Southeast Asia were grouped into a single category, the Malay race. Following the expedition of French navigator Jules Dumont d'Urville to Oceania in 1826, he proposed the terms of "Malaysia", "Micronesia" and "Melanesia" to the Société de Géographie in 1831, distinguishing these Pacific cultures and island groups from the existing term "Polynesia". Dumont d'Urville described Malaysia as "an area known as the East Indies". In 1850, the English ethnologist George Samuel Windsor Earl, writing in the Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia, proposed naming the islands of Southeast Asia as "Melayunesia" or "Indunesia", favouring the former.
In modern terminology, "Malay" remains the name of an ethnoreligious group of Austronesian people predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula and portions of the adjacent islands of Southeast Asia, including the east coast of Sumatra, the coast of Borneo, smaller islands that lie between these areas. The state that gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957 took the name the "Federation of Malaya", chosen in preference to other potential names such as "Langkasuka", after the historic kingdom located at the upper section of the Malay Peninsula in the first millennium CE; the name "Malaysia" was adopted in 1963 when the existing states of the Federation of Malaya, plus Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak formed a new federation. One theory posits the name was chosen so that "si" represented the inclusion of Singapore, North Borneo, Sarawak to Malaya in 1963. Politicians in the Philippines contemplated renaming their state "Malaysia" before the modern country took the name. Evidence of modern human habitation in Malaysia dates back 40,000 years.
In the Malay Peninsula, the first inhabitants are thought to be Negritos. Traders and settlers from India and China arrived as early as the first century AD, establishing trading ports and coastal towns in the second and third centuries, their presence resulted in strong Indian and Chinese influences on the local cultures, the people of the Malay Peninsula adopted the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. Sanskrit inscriptions appear as early as the fifth century; the Kingdom of
Hougang United FC
Hougang United Football Club is a professional football club in Singapore's professional league Singapore Premier League. Hougang United Football Club was founded as Marine Castle United Football Club, formed by Newcastle United fans in the Marine Parade area. Upon successful entry into the S. League in 1998, the club struggled in its early foray in the first few years, finishing in the bottom two for the next four seasons. Marine Castle changed its name to Sengkang Marine Football Club in 2002 and finished in 8th position consecutively, its highest finish in its short history. Financial difficulties forced Sengkang Marine out of the S. League in 2004, Paya Lebar-Punggol Football Club took its place in 2005, finishing the season as wooden-spoonist; the two clubs merged their resources from 2006 to 2010 to form Sengkang Punggol Football Club, finishing no higher than 10th. On 1 January 2011, the chairman of Sengkang Punggol Football Club, Mr. Bill Ng, announced the changes that began the rewriting of another chapter of the football club.
With improved financial status and a change in name to the present Hougang United Football Club, there was renewed optimism among the Hougang fan base around the club's home stadium since its inception, Hougang Stadium. The club had its fair share of ‘marquee players’ in the earlier days like Grant Holt, Michael Currie, Kim See-man. In November 2014, it was announced that Hougang United and Woodlands Wellington will merge for the 2015 season. On 22 November 2014, Hougang United announced a partnership with Global Football Academy for the 2015 S. League season; the Hougang United FC Scholarship was launched in May 2015. The aim of the scholarship is to support and facilitate the academic development of young non-professional footballing talents; the club has a supporters' community known as the Hougang HOOLS, set up in 2010. The fan group organise an annual end of season friendly game against the players whom they sing for the entire season; the fan group's main objective is to collate everyone who supports Hougang United and grow them into a healthy fan community.
The fan group has an amateur band called Gate 3, who write songs about celebrating Hougang United. Rumors that they will share stadium with Young Lions, using the Jalan Besar Stadium as part of the stadium Sharing initiative by SportsSG. Hougang United signed Rafael Ramazotti for only 23 days and was ditched by the player “abruptly vacated the club’s tenanted apartment” and “left Singapore” without settling the compensation to the club. On 29 January, he has been unveiled on Tuesday as a new player of FC Juarez, a Mexican club that plays in the second tier of the Mexican football pyramid - Liga MX. Tean Tai Tee create the headline for Hougang United, she is an employee of Hougang United and has been arrested and charged in court for having misappropriated $278,200 from their clubhouse operations. Tean's bail was set at $100,000 and she is due back in court on March 12. If convicted, she can be jailed until Hougang United win a silverware..... On matchday 1 of the season, fans overshadow the team's embarrassing 5-1 defeat against Tampines Rovers by throwing a drumstick at a Tampines players and alerted the police.
2003 saw the introduction of penalty shoot-outs. Winners of penalty shoot-outs gained two points instead of one. Sengkang Marine sat out the 2004 S. League season, they merged with Paya Lebar Punggol to form Sengkang Marine on their return to the S. League in 2006. Hougang United deducted 5-point for a pre-match brawl with Etoile during the 2011 season. Hougang United's highest finish in 2016 & 2017 season; as of 6 April 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official Hougang United FC Website S. League website page on Hougang United FC Hougang United FC Facebook page Official Hougang United Twitter Official Hougang United Instagram
R. Vengadasalam known as Venga, is a Singaporean football manager who last managed Admiralty FC in the National Football League Division 2. Vengadasalam first came to prominence when he founded Wellington Football Club in 1988, a splinter group of the Delhi Juniors, a team of Singaporean football enthusiasts that were among the pioneers of football in Singapore; the team's name was chosen due to the fact that they were being based in the Deptford Ground located on Wellington Road in Sembawang. Under the management of Venga, Wellington FC became a revelation in local football. In 1991, they participated in the Sembawang Group League and National Island-Wide League, winning as champions in both competitions and setting a national record by beating Seletar Football Club with a resounding 28 – 1 victory at the Woodlands Stadium on 17 November 1991; the following year, Wellington FC joined the National Football League and were placed in Division II, from which they were promoted as champions in 1994.
1995 saw success, as they were runners-up in the FA Cup. The convincing displays of Wellington Football Club led to their selection as one of eight clubs to compete in the newly formed S. League in its maiden season in 1996, prompting the club to adopt Woodlands Stadium as their home ground and to change their name to Woodlands Wellington Football Club. During his time at Woodlands, Venga was affectionately known as the "Mouth of the North" as he had a knack for making quirky and colourful comments about his opponents. One of his most famous remarks was made before a match in 1996 against Tiong Bahru FC, in which he said that "TB is a disease, today we will cure it." His snark remarks added much colour to the S. League in its early years and led to amusing exchanges with opposing coaches and managers, generating much-needed publicity for a league still much in its infancy. Venga's influence on Woodlands was substantial, as his negotiations allowed the Rams to draw in Bandai Company Limited as a sponsor in their maiden season in the S.
League to the tune of $360,000. Venga shrewdly utilised the funds to sign on players such as Jan Janostak, Joe Caleta and Ervin Boban, all big name players in the M-League, as well as to secure the services of Singapore national players Borhan Abu Samah, Tamil Marren, Zakaria Awang and the flamboyant Croatian goalkeeper Sandro Radun, who played for the Singapore FA in 1992; the move proved to be a success as Woodlands Wellington managed to garner close to full house attendances for every match, including their pre-season friendlies. His entertaining comments led the editors of Kick Off!, a local football weekly that covered S. League news, to give him a spot in the magazine, named "The Public Diary of Vengaman", it contained fictional stories that parodied real life happenings in the S. League. Venga made the headlines in March 2002 for reasons other than his controversial statements when a drunk fan leapt over a barrier and punched him after the final whistle was blown during the famed "Northern Derby" between Woodlands Wellington and Sembawang Rangers.
In September 2002, Venga was moved to the Woodlands executive committee by Woodlands chairman Tang Weng Fei while coach M. Karathu was asked to take over full charge of the team, he was given the post of general manager and his administrative duties kept him away from the touchline. He remained in the team for the next one and a half years as the general manager until he decided to resign from his post on 12 May 2004 to join Tampines Rovers as their Director of Operations, causing a huge furore in the local football fraternity, he cited his reasons for leaving as a good chance for him to contribute to football and its development in Singapore, that he had not been directly involved in football matters over the last two years and this was the area which he would like to be in. During his time at Woodlands, Venga helped them to achieve 2nd position in the Tiger Beer series of the 1996 S. League, as well as 3rd place during the 1997 S. League season. Following his switch over to Tampines Rovers, the Stags won consecutive S.
League titles in the 2004 and 2005 seasons. They were crowned Singapore Cup champions consecutively in 2004, 2005 and 2006 and became the ASEAN Football Federation club champions in 2005. Venga was embroiled in a court case in December 2006 when he was accused of assaulting two patrons at his pub in Lucky Plaza in July 2006 but the case was compounded in March 2007 and he was given a discharge amounting to an acquittal. In line with his colourful character, Venga made a dare to shave his head if the East Team, which he managed and consists of S. League stars which played in eastern based clubs, lost to the West Team in an all-star game preceding the 2006 S. League season. Venga witnessed a controversial incident as Tampines Rovers visited Woodlands Wellington during the 2007 S. League season which saw a walkout by the entire Woodlands squad as a protest to the decisions made against them by referee P. Pandian. Woodlands had six points docked. In the midst of all the controversy, Woodlands chairman Francis Gomez admitted to ordering his players to get off the field and was fined $10,000 and was barred from attending all S.
League matches until the end of the year as well. For the record, Woodlands coach Jörg Steinebruner was fined S$2,000 for encouraging his team members to walk out of the field of play while club captain Jerry Bartholomeusz was fined S$1,500. Nine other Woodlands players were fined S$1,000 each. In late 2010, Venga left Tampines Rovers to take a break away from matters on the pitch, he became a football pundit from 2010 throughout 2011, until he was
Singapore the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%; the country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founder Lee Kuan Yew. In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the British East India Company. After the company's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan, it gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining Malaysia along with other former British territories, but separated two years over ideological differences, becoming a sovereign nation in 1965.
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce. Singapore is a global hub for education, finance, human capital, logistics, technology, tourism and transport; the city ranks in numerous international rankings, has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation, top International-meetings city, city with "best investment potential", world's smartest city, world's safest country, second-most competitive country, third least-corrupt country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, the second-busiest container port. The Economist has ranked Singapore as the most expensive city to live in, since 2013, it is identified as a tax haven. Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, one of 11 worldwide. Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore ranks 9th on the UN Human Development Index with the 3rd highest GDP per capita. It is placed in key social indicators: education, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing. Although income inequality is high, 90% of homes are owner-occupied. According to the Democracy Index, the country is described as a "flawed democracy"; the city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 39% of whom are foreign nationals, including permanent residents. There are four official languages: English, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, its cultural diversity is reflected in major festivals. Pew Research has found. Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, continues to shape national policies in education, politics, among others. Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government; the People's Action Party has won every election since self-government began in 1959. As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events.
It is a member of the East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth of Nations. The English name of Singapore is an anglicisation of the native Malay name for the country, in turn derived from Sanskrit, hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols. However, it is unlikely that lions lived on the island. There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name is established; the central island has been called Pulau Ujong as far back as the third century CE "island at the end" in Malay. Singapore is referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence, the Little Red Dot for how the island-nation is depicted on many maps of the world and Asia, as a red dot. Singapore is referred to as the "Switzerland of Asia" in 2017 due to its neutrality on international and regional issues; the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy identified a place called Sabana in the general area in the second century, the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung.
This was itself a transliteration from the Malay name "Pulau Ujong", or "island at the end". The Nagarakretagama, a Javanese epic poem written in 1365, referred to a settlement on the island called Tumasik. In 1299, according to the Malay Annals, the Kingdom of Singapura was founded on the island by Sang Nila Utama. Although the historicity
Malaysia Super League
The Malaysia Super League known as M-League, is the men's top professional football division of the Malaysia football league system. Administered by the Football Malaysia Limited Liability Partnership known as the Malaysia Football League, Malaysia Super League is contested by 12 teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the Malaysia Premier League division and replaced by the top two teams in that division. 31 clubs have competed since the inception of the Malaysia Super League in 2004, eight of them have won the title: Johor Darul Ta'zim, Selangor, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, LionsXII. The current champions are Johor Darul Ta ` zim. Liga Super was formed in 2004 following the decision by the Football Association of Malaysia to privatize the league; the inaugural season started in 14 February 2004 As a result, Malaysia Super League Sdn Bhd was created to oversee the marketing aspects of the league, but it was not privatized. The league has seen numerous changes to its format from eight clubs to now 14 clubs to accommodate changes to the league rules and withdrawal of certain clubs from the league in order to create a competitive environment and professional management among the clubs.
The Malaysian league was revamped to be a professional league in 2004 which coined the creation of new top-tier division, Malaysia Super League. Between 2004 to 2006, the professional football league in Malaysia was divided into two levels and two groups: Top tier: Malaysia Super League Second tier: Malaysia Premier League Group A Second tier: Malaysia Premier LeagueGroup B Third tier: FAM CupThe new top-tier league, Malaysia Super League was competed by eight teams while there were 16 teams competing in Malaysia Premier League, divided into 2 groups. While there were only eight teams in the league prior to the 2006-07 season, position movements were radical. Successive losses would condemn clubs to a relegation dogfight. Successive wins would put a team in contention for the title; the Malaysia Super League has gone through two format changes in its short history spanning three-years. The Football Association of Malaysia decided to expand the Malaysia Super League to accommodate 14 teams instead of eight, the number of league teams in the Malaysia Super League's first three seasons.
But the plan was held. Only from 2009 season the league would have 14 teams with all teams playing each other only twice. For 2007 season, where Malaysia Premier League was combined into one level rather than two groups and in 2008 Liga FAM was revamped to be compete in league format instead of knockout competition: Top tier: Malaysia Super League Second tier: Malaysia Premier League Third tier: FAM League In 2015, FMLLP was created in the course of privatization of the Malaysian football league system; the partnership saw all 24 teams of Malaysia Super League and Malaysia Premier League including FAM as the Managing Partner and MP & Silva as a special partner to become stakeholders in the company. FMLLP owns and runs Malaysia Super League. Beside that, other competition in Malaysian football under its jurisdiction, which include the Malaysia Premier League, the Malaysia FA Cup, the Malaysia Cup, the Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Cup, it aims to move Malaysian football forward to the next level. A decade after the league inception, a total of eight clubs have been crowned champions of LMalaysia Super League where Pahang is the first champion.
Kedah and Kelantan has won the league twice each while Pahang, Negeri Sembilan and LionsXII has won it once. In 9 September 2016, Johor Darul Ta'zim became the first team to win Malaysia Super League three times in a row; the competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from February to July, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for 22 matchdays, totaling 132 matches in the season. Most games are played with a few games played during weekdays. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion. A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Malaysia Super League and the Malaysia Premier League; the two lowest placed teams in Malaysia Super League are relegated to the Malaysia Premier League, the top two teams from the Malaysia Premier League promoted to Malaysia Super League.
Below is a complete record of. The winners of the Malaysia FA Cup qualify for the subsequent season's AFC Champions League play-off slots. If this club lost on the play-off slots and unable to reach group stage, this club will play in AFC Cup play-off slots; the number of places allocated to Malaysia clubs in AFC competitions is dependent upon the association ranking, which are calculated based upon the performance of teams in AFC Champions League and the AFC Cup, as well as their national team's FIFA World Rankings in the previous 4 years. The ranking of Malaysia is 13th; every team in the Malaysia Super League must have a licence to play in the league in the competition, or else they are relegated. To obtain a licence, teams must be financially healthy and meet certain standards of conduct as organisations; as part of privation effort for the league, all clubs com