Archduchess Maria Carolina Ferdinanda of Austria was Crown Princess of Saxony as the wife of Frederick Augustus, Crown Prince of Saxony. Marie Caroline was a daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis I of Austria after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, named after an elder sister who had died in infancy, she belonged to the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. She was educated standing out in drawing, as proven by several sketches and crayons preserved in Austria. On 7 October 1819 she married Prince Frederick Augustus of Saxony, son of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony, Princess Caroline of Parma, in Dresden, Germany; the marriage was unhappy. Marie Caroline was sweet and pleasant, but she suffered from epilepsy and her attacks were so frequent that she was able to fulfill her duties as Crown Princess. Frederick Augustus was unfaithful on several occasions. From one of these affairs he had the musician Theodor Uhlig; the long-suffering Maria Carolina died from an epileptic attack on 22 May 1832 at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden.
8 April 1801 – 11 August 1804: Her Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria 11 August 1804 – 7 October 1819: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria 7 October 1819 – 1 September 1830: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Maria Carolina of Saxony 1 September 1830 – 22 May 1832: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Saxony Marie Caroline's parents were double first cousins as they shared all four grandparents. Therefore, Marie Caroline only had four great-grandparents, being descended from each of them twice
This is a list of aircraft of Canada's air forces. Aircraft are listed for the following organizations: Canadian Aviation Corps which operated a single Burgess-Dunne tailless floatplane Canadian Air Force while under the control of the Air Board. Royal Canadian Air Force until amalgamated with the Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Army to form a unified Canadian Forces. Canadian Forces until Canadian Forces Air Command renamed Royal Canadian Air Force again Royal Canadian Air Force This list only includes aircraft owned by the Canadian government, excludes aircraft flown by Canadian pilots serving with the Royal Flying Corps, Royal Flying Corps Canada or Royal Air Force, including the Article XV squadrons. From 1917 to November 1918 the British government funded and operated the Royal Flying Corps Canada which trained aviators on the 1,210 Curtiss Canucks built in Canada, 120 Curtiss JN-4s built in the US, as well as two Avro 504s and one Airco DH.6 built in Canada. In 1918 the Canadian government formed the Canadian Air Force in Europe which consisted of two wings integrated into the normal Royal Air Force command structure, equipped with Sopwith Dolphins, Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5as and Airco DH.9As supplied and owned by the RAF.
It was disbanded in 1920. When the war ended some of these same types were offered to Canada as a part of the Imperial Gift, along with a batch of Fokker D. VIIs captured from Germany, which aside from some illicit flights were relegated to storage and use as instructional airframes. Independently of the RCAF, the Royal Canadian Navy operated aircraft. During the First World War no official standards existed for the naming of aircraft and so all designations at this time were assigned by the original manufacturer and both numbers and names were used. From 1918, aircraft were given names based on a set of rules, individual variants designated numerically as mark I, mark II, etc. as per RAF practice, including aircraft purchased from American sources. For more information on specifics of the system, see British military aircraft designation systems. Aircraft purchased from local sources retained their original commercial names such as with the Barkley-Grow T8P-1 or the Waco AQC-6 if purchased in small numbers, impressed or not purchased from the original manufacturer.
CF-100 and CF-105 were Avro Canada company designations that preceded similar RCAF designations that became the basis for the Canadian Forces designations instituted in February 1968. Unlike the US designation system, there is only a single sequence rather than separate sequences for each role, numbering started at 100, prefixed with C and a role letter or letters. According to R. W. Walker. 102 and 103 were not used in the CF system to avoid confusion with Avro's use of those numbers for the cancelled Avro Canada C-102 Jetliner and the Avro Canada CF-103 interceptor project. List of active Canadian military aircraft List of aircraft of the Royal Canadian Navy Greenhous, Brereton. Canada's Air Forces, 1914 - 1999. Montreal: Editions Art Global and the Department of National Defence, 1999. ISBN 2-920718-72-X. Griffin, John A. Canadian Military Aircraft Serials & Photographs 1920 - 1968. Ottawa: Queen's Printer, Publication No. 69-2, 1969. Griffin, John A. Robert H. Smith and Kenneth D. Castle, Canadian Military Aircraft: Aircraft of the Canadian Armed Forces.
Vanwell Publishing, St. Catharines, Ontario, 2005. ISBN 9781551250892 Hunt, C. W. Dancing in the Sky: The Royal Flying Corps in Canada. Toronto, Ont.. 2009. ISBN 9781550028645. Kostenuk, S. and J. Griffin. RCAF Squadron Histories and Aircraft: 1924–1968. Toronto: Samuel Stevens, Hakkert & Company, 1977. ISBN 0-88866-577-6. Milberry, Larry. Sixty Years - The RCAF and CF Air Command 1924 - 1984. Toronto: Canav Books, 1984. ISBN 0-9690703-4-9. Molson, Ken M. and Harold A. Taylor. Canadian Aircraft Since 1909. Stittsville, Ontario: Canada's Wings, Inc. 1982. ISBN 0-920002-11-0. R. W. Walker Canadian Military Aircraft Serial Numbers url: http://www.rwrwalker.ca/ accessdate: January 2014. Roberts, Leslie. There Shall Be Wings. Toronto: Clark, Irwin and Co. Ltd. 1959. No ISBN. Royal Flying Corps in Canada Royal Canadian Air Force - What IS that RCAF Bird Called