Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, from hide and fur clothing from bison, angora from rabbits, other types of wool from camelids. Wool consists of protein together with a small percentage of lipids. In this regard it is chemically quite distinct from the more dominant textile, cellulose. Wool is produced by follicles; these follicles are located in the upper layer of the skin called the epidermis and push down into the second skin layer called the dermis as the wool fibers grow. Follicles can be classed as either secondary follicles. Primary follicles produce three types of fiber: kemp, medullated fibers, true wool fibers. Secondary follicles only produce true wool fibers. Medullated fibers share nearly identical characteristics to hair and are long but lack crimp and elasticity. Kemp fibers are coarse and shed out. Wool's scaling and crimp make it easier to spin the fleece by helping the individual fibers attach to each other, so they stay together.
Because of the crimp, wool fabrics have greater bulk than other textiles, they hold air, which causes the fabric to retain heat. Wool has a high specific thermal resistance, so it impedes heat transfer in general; this effect has benefited desert peoples, as Tuaregs use wool clothes for insulation. Felting of wool occurs upon hammering or other mechanical agitation as the microscopic barbs on the surface of wool fibers hook together. Wool has several qualities that distinguish it from hair/fur: it is crimped and elastic; the amount of crimp corresponds to the fineness of the wool fibers. A fine wool like Merino may have up to 40 crimps per centimetre, while coarser wool like karakul may have less than one. In contrast, hair has little if any scale and no crimp, little ability to bind into yarn. On sheep, the hair part of the fleece is called kemp; the relative amounts of kemp to wool vary from breed to breed and make some fleeces more desirable for spinning, felting, or carding into batts for quilts or other insulating products, including the famous tweed cloth of Scotland.
Wool fibers absorb moisture, but are not hollow. Wool can absorb one-third of its own weight in water. Wool absorbs sound like many other fabrics, it is a creamy white color, although some breeds of sheep produce natural colors, such as black, brown and random mixes. Wool ignites at a higher temperature than some synthetic fibers, it has a lower rate of flame spread, a lower rate of heat release, a lower heat of combustion, does not melt or drip. Wool carpets are specified for high safety environments, such as trains and aircraft. Wool is specified for garments for firefighters and others in occupations where they are exposed to the likelihood of fire. Wool causes an allergic reaction in some people. Sheep shearing is the process. After shearing, the wool is separated into four main categories: fleece, broken and locks; the quality of fleeces is determined by a technique known as wool classing, whereby a qualified person, called a wool classer, groups wools of similar grading together to maximize the return for the farmer or sheep owner.
In Australia before being auctioned, all Merino fleece wool is objectively measured for micron, staple length, staple strength, sometimes color and comfort factor. Wool straight off a sheep, known as "greasy wool" or "wool in the grease", contains a high level of valuable lanolin, as well as the sheep's dead skin and sweat residue, also contains pesticides and vegetable matter from the animal's environment. Before the wool can be used for commercial purposes, it must be scoured, a process of cleaning the greasy wool. Scouring may be as simple as a bath in warm water or as complicated as an industrial process using detergent and alkali in specialized equipment. In north west England, special potash pits were constructed to produce potash used in the manufacture of a soft soap for scouring locally produced white wool. In commercial wool, vegetable matter is removed by chemical carbonization. In less-processed wools, vegetable matter may be removed by hand and some of the lanolin left intact through the use of gentler detergents.
This semigrease wool can be worked into yarn and knitted into water-resistant mittens or sweaters, such as those of the Aran Island fishermen. Lanolin removed from wool is used in cosmetic products, such as hand creams. Raw wool has many impurities; the sheep's body yields many types of wool with differing strengths, length of staple and impurities. The raw wool is processed into'top'.'Worsted top' requires strong straight and parallel fibres. The quality of wool is determined by its fiber diameter, yield and staple strength. Fiber diameter is the single most important wool characteristic determining price. Merino wool is 90–115 mm in length and is fine; the finest and most valuable wool comes from Merino hoggets. Wool taken from sheep produced for meat is more coarse, has fibers 40–150 mm in length. Damage or break
Tripuraneni Maharadhi was an Indian Telugu film, screenplay and script writer. He is remembered for his political forays, as well as for the film Alluri Seetharama Raju, he was the de facto director for all the scripts written by him. He is survived by three sons and one daughter, Usha Mandava, deceased. Among his sons Varaprasad Tripuraneni is a prominent BJP politician. Maharadhi is to some degree, linked to every political party in the Telugu political frame and was instrumental in the launch of the TDP, he was the first person to come up with the idea of a regional party in A. P after which he started a campaign namely'Telugu Tejam' as prospective title for a regional party, it consisted of a 16-point agenda which included the famous phrase "Telugu Valla Atma Gauravam" which N. T. R used to a great extent to promote T. D. P'S political vision. Maharadhi vehemently proposed Telugu tejam to fill the existing political vacuum and to establish a political identity for Telugu people. Maharadhi along with the few intellectuals decided that a sammohan shakti is required to counter the charisma of Indira Gandhi, hence in that process N.
T. R was convinced to join the initiative wherein he took over the reins and Telugu Tejam was named as Telugu desam to fight the next electoral battle. Maharadhi served as Andhra Pradesh Congress State Secretary when Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy was Andhra Pradesh Congress president. In this position, he was instrumental in promoting YSR in the east and west Godavari districts in Y. S Rajasekhara Reddy's early days; when the Bharatiya Janata Party came into existence, he served as a National Council member. In 2004, Maharadhi launched his own political party'Trilinga Praja Pragathi' with the slogan'Badugu vargala rajyadhikaram'. Sathi Arundhati Kanchukota Yodhanu Yodhulu Ranabheri* Niluvu Dhopidi Pethandhaarl Simhasanam Devudu Chesina Manushulu Bandipotu Kanchukota Niluvu Dopidi Pettandarlu Desoddharakulu Devudu Chesina Manushulu Paadi Pantalu Kurukshetram Ram Robert Raheem Hema Hemeelu Praja Rajyam Simhasanam Santhi SandesamPlus 150 scripts to his credit. Desamante manushuloye Bogimantalu Raithu Bharatam Vandikaara Magan* Manchini penchaali*
Gabriela Maria DeBues-Stafford is a Canadian middle-distance runner. She competed in the 1500 metres at the 2016 World Indoor Championships. In addition, she won the silver medal at the 2015 Summer Universiade, her father, James Stafford, was a runner and competed for Canada at four World Cross Country Championships. In July 2016 she was named to Canada's Olympic team.. In 2019, she broke numerous national records: 5,000 metre records, she added the indoor 1,500 metre record in 2020. Outdoor 800 metres – 2:02.45 1500 metres – 3:56.12 One mile – 4:17.87 3000 metres – 9:13.10 5000 metres - 14:44.12 Indoor 1000 metres – 2:41.67 1500 metres – 4:08.36 One mile – 4:19.73 3000 metres – 8:54.44 5000 metres – 14:57.45 Gabriela DeBues-Stafford at World Athletics