A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization for having cultural, scientific or other form of significance, protected by international treaties. The sites are judged to be important for the preservative interests of humanity. To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an already-classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance, it may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet. The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence. Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones; the list is maintained by the international World Heritage Program administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 "states parties" that are elected by their General Assembly.
The programme catalogues and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund; the programme began with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972. Since 193 state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most recognised international agreements and the world's most popular cultural programme. In 1978 the city of Quito earned the distinction of being the first city in the world to be declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the same year, Kraków in Poland was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site; as of July 2019, a total of 1,121 World Heritage Sites exist across 167 countries. China and Italy, both with 55 sites, have the most of any country, followed by Spain, France and Mexico. In 1954, the government of Egypt decided to build the new Aswan High Dam, whose resulting future reservoir would inundate a large stretch of the Nile valley containing cultural treasures of ancient Egypt and ancient Nubia.
In 1959, the governments of Egypt and Sudan requested UNESCO to assist their countries to protect and rescue the endangered monuments and sites. In 1960, the Director-General of UNESCO launched an appeal to the member states for an International Campaign to Save the Monuments of Nubia; this appeal resulted in the excavation and recording of hundreds of sites, the recovery of thousands of objects, as well as the salvage and relocation to higher ground of a number of important temples, the most famous of which are the temple complexes of Abu Simbel and Philae. The campaign, which ended in 1980, was considered a success; as tokens of its gratitude to countries which contributed to the campaign's success, Egypt donated four temples: the Temple of Dendur was moved to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, the Temple of Debod was moved to the Parque del Oeste in Madrid, the Temple of Taffeh was moved to the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in the Netherlands, the Temple of Ellesyia to Museo Egizio in Turin.
The project cost $80 million, about $40 million of, collected from 50 countries. The project's success led to other safeguarding campaigns: saving Venice and its lagoon in Italy, the ruins of Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan, the Borobodur Temple Compounds in Indonesia. UNESCO initiated, with the International Council on Monuments and Sites, a draft convention to protect cultural heritage; the United States initiated the idea of cultural conservation with nature conservation. The White House conference in 1965 called for a "World Heritage Trust" to preserve "the world's superb natural and scenic areas and historic sites for the present and the future of the entire world citizenry"; the International Union for Conservation of Nature developed similar proposals in 1968, they were presented in 1972 to the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. Under the World Heritage Committee, signatory countries are required to produce and submit periodic data reporting providing the World Heritage Committee with an overview of each participating nation's implementation of the World Heritage Convention and a "snapshot" of current conditions at World Heritage properties.
Based on the draft convention that UNESCO had initiated, a single text was agreed on by all parties, the "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage" was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972. The Convention came into force on 17 December 1975; as of May 2017, it has been ratified by 193 states parties, including 189 UN member states plus the Cook Islands, the Holy See and the State of Palestine. Only four UN member states have not ratified the Convention: Liechtenstein, Nauru and Tuvalu. A country must first list its significant natural sites. A country may not nominate sites. Next, it can place sites selected from that list into a Nomination File; the Nomination File is evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. These bodies make their recommendations to the World Heritage Committee; the Committee meets once per year to determine whether or
Lidmore or Lydmore is a small hamlet and farm in the Vale of Glamorgan. It is located just off the A4226 road, to the northwest of Highlight Park in Barry, Vale of Glamorgan and in close proximity to Brynhill Golf Club. To the north is Great Hamston and Dyffryn and the hamlet is accessed through another hamlet called Northcliff from the main road. To the southwest is Lidmore Wood and the Welsh Hawking Centre; the main landmark is the an early 18th-century Grade II listed building. It is a "two-storey, whitewashed rubble stone farmhouse" with a "Welsh slate roof with four corniced brick ridges and end stacks. There set back at each elevation; the main frontage faces the garden and this has a three-window range of sashes to the left main unit: two to the left and one to the right of a gabled porch, of rock-faced stone with brick dressings, including moulded brick cambered arch, flag floor and boarded door." Refurbished in the 19th century, Lidmore Farmhouse became a listed building on 10 October 2002.
Several of the former farm buildings along the lane near the farmhouse which were shown on the Tithe Map of 1842 have been converted into expensive houses, the largest of, a sprawling stone bungalow. The land to southeast of the farm belonged to Highlight Farm before it was purchased by Brynhill Golf Club in the mid-1990s
Yorkshire 2 is an English Rugby Union league at the eighth tier of the domestic competition for teams from Yorkshire. Club rugby in Yorkshire operates without promotion play-offs meaning that the top two teams are automatically promoted to Yorkshire 1 and the bottom two teams are relegated to Yorkshire 3; each season a team from Yorkshire 2 is picked to take part in the RFU Senior Vase - a national competition for clubs at level 8. Barnsley Leodiensian Moortown Old Crossleyans Old Grovians Old Rishworthians Pontefract Ripon Roundhegians Sheffield Medicals Thornensians Wath-upon-Dearne West Park Leeds Wetherby Barnsley Castleford Keighley Knottingley Leodiensian Moortown Old Grovians Old Rishworthians Pontefract Ripon Roundhegians Sheffield Medicals Wath-upon-Dearne West Leeds Barnsley Bradford Salem Goole Keighley Knottingley Leeds Medics and Dentists Leodiensian Moortown Old Rishworthians Ripon Roundhegians Sheffield Medicals West Leeds West Park Leeds Baildon Barnsley Bradford Salem Hullensians Knottingley Leodiensian Moortown Old Rishworthians Ripon Roundhegians Sheffield Medicals West Leeds West Park Leeds Yarnbury Bradford Salem Castleford Doncaster Phoenix Hullensians Leodiensian Moortown Ripon Roundhegians Selby Sheffield Medicals Skipton West Leeds West Park Leeds Yarnbury Yorkshire RFU English rugby union system Rugby union in England
The East Hamilton Avenue Historic District encompasses a 20th-century residential area of Wynne, reflective of its growth between about 1920 and 1940. It extends along East Hamilton Avenue, between North Falls Boulevard and Killough Road, includes properties on Eldridge Court. East Hamilton Avenue, representing the best-preserved area of development from this period, was developed beginning in the late 19th century, grew from west to east; the oldest house in the district, the Giboney-Robertson-Stewart House, is a Queen Anne Victorian built c. 1895. Most of the houses were built after 1920, are predominantly Craftsman, Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival in character. There are a few Spanish Revival houses, a few early ranch houses, which were built between 1940 and 1950; the district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011. National Register of Historic Places listings in Cross County, Arkansas
Louis L. Gonda is an American businessman, active in commercial real estate and venture capital, he is the son of Leslie Gonda, a Hungarian-born American businessman and Holocaust survivor, his wife Susan. He has a bachelor's degree from the University of Los Angeles, he and his father started a company, International Lease Finance Corporation, sold to American International Group in 1990, after which he was an AIG executive vice president until his retirement in 1995. Since 1995, he has run Lexington Commercial Holdings, which looks after his interests in commercial real estate and venture capital. In 2000, his net worth was estimated at $2 billion, in 2006, at $1.9 billion. In 2009, it was reported that following the financial crisis and the fall in the AIG share price from $70 to $2, Gonda was looking to sell assets, including "an eight-bedroom, $35-million Beverly Hills mansion, a $43-million Gulfstream V corporate jet and a $3-million beachfront home". In 2009, Gonda was no longer on the Forbes list of billionaires.
Gonda is president of Lexington Commercial Holdings, chairman of Lexington Ventures, a director of Trethera Corporation. He is married to daughter of actress Honey Sanders, they have five children. His daughter, Eva Gonda Green, is married to Logan Green, co-founder of Lyft
Jana Jonášová is a Czech opera singer. One of the most important Czech coloratura sopranos of her generation, she has had an active international career at the world's major opera houses and concert stages for four decades; as an opera singer she performed a varied repertoire from a variety of musical periods and in many languages. She drew particular acclaim for her portrayal of Mozart heroines and roles from the standard Czech repertory. In 1970 she joined the National Theatre in Prague where she was a member for more than three decades; as a concert singer, Jonášová assailed an diverse repertoire but is chiefly remembered for performances of works by baroque composers like Johann Sebastian Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Georg Friedrich Handel, Georg Philipp Telemann, Antonio Vivaldi. Her voice is preserved on a number of concert and solo recordings made with the Supraphon and ORFEO labels among others. Although she still performs in concert, she retired from the opera stage in the early 2000s.
She is on the voice faculty at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. Born in Plzeň, Jonášová studied singing at the Prague Conservatory with Bendlová and at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague with Teodor Šrubař, she made her professional opera debut in 1965 at the Liberec Theatre as Konstanze in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's The Abduction from the Seraglio. That same year she became involved with the Chamber Opera Prague, she remained committed to the Liberec Theatre through 1970 and joined the National Theatre in Prague where she sang minor roles and worked in the opera chorus. In 1973 Jonášová was promoted to principal sopranos at the National Theatre and she became one of the house's most important artists. Among the large number of roles she has performed with the house include Susanne in Le Nozze di Figaro, Fiordiligi in Cosi fan tutte, the Queen of the Night in The Magic Flute, Rosina in The Barber of Seville, Norina in Don Pasquale, Gilda in Rigoletto, Violetta in La Traviata, Zerbinetta in Ariadne auf Naxos.
On the international stage she has performed as a guest artist at numerous opera houses since the early 1970s. Her performance credits include appearances at the Berlin State Opera, the National Theatre in Belgrade, the Bolshoi Theatre, the Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb, the Edinburgh Festival, the Grand Théâtre de Genève, the Hungarian State Opera House, La Monnaie, De Nederlandse Opera, the Opéra National de Bordeaux, the Opéra Royal de Wallonie, the Semperoper, the Teatro Massimo, the Teatro Real among others. In 1977 she made her first appearance at the Salzburg Festival performing a solo concert of Mozart arias, recorded on the Supraphon label. Jonášová has made several recordings of complete operas and the concert repertoire with a variety of music labels. Of particular note is her 1981 recording of the role of Katerina in Bohuslav Martinů's The Greek Passion under the baton of Charles Mackerras; the recording one numerous awards, including the Grand Prix audiovisuel de L'Europe, the Grand Prix de l'Académie du disque Français, the Orphee d'or de L'Academie Nationale du disque lyrique.
She has recorded a number of solo albums, recording arias by Mozart, Strauss, among others in addition to concert repertoire. She has notably recorded several song cycles by such 20th century Czech composers as Pavel Bořkovec, Jaroslav Ježek, Iša Krejčí, Jan Seidel. Jonášová is a past recipient of the Wiener Flötenuhr and in 1985 she was honored with the title of People's Artist of the USSR, her daughter Hana Jonášová is a successful operatic soprano