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Wotje Atoll

Wotje Atoll is a coral atoll of 75 islands in the Pacific Ocean, forms a legislative district of the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. Wotje's land area of 8.18 square kilometres is one of the largest in the Marshall Islands, encloses a lagoon of 624 square kilometres. The atoll is oriented east and west and is 45 kilometres at its longest point, 18 kilometres at its greatest width; as of 2007, the population was nearly 1,000, which included about 200 teenagers who live on the island at the public boarding school, Northern Islands High School. In 2011, the resident population of the islands in atoll was 859; the Wotje Atoll includes a number of islets, including Wotje, Enejeltalk, Wetwirok, Wormej, Ninum, Kaben. About 125 people live on Wodmej, 8 miles from the main island of Wotje. All other islands are uninhabited and are used only for copra production and food gathering. There are four churches on Wotje, Wotje: Catholic, Assembly of God, Full Gospel. There are several stores; this store has a small retail shop and coffee window.

Wotje Atoll has four schools: Wodmej Elementary School, Wotje Elementary School, St. Thomas Elementary School, Northern Islands High School; the first three are public schools, funded by the national Ministry of Education. St. Thomas is managed by the Maryknoll Sisters of the Catholic Church. Wotje, Wotje is serviced by ships several times a year which bring supplies like rice and sugar. In addition, the local government and senator manage a small ship, Northern Star, which makes more frequent trips. Air services are provided by Air Marshall Islands to Wotje Airport. First recorded sighting by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos on 25 December 1542 that charted it as Los Corales because of the many corals and having anchored in these. One of the islets of this atoll was charted as San Esteban by Villalobos because they landed on it on St. Stephen's day. Wotje Atoll was claimed by the Empire of Germany along with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884, the Germans established a trading outpost.

After World War I, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate of the Empire of Japan. The Japanese established a school on the island, which served the atolls of the Ratak Chain, but otherwise left the administration in the hands of local authorities. However, from the end of the 1930s, Wotje was developed as into a major Japanese seaplane base, had an airfield with two runways for land-based aircraft, several hundred support buildings. During World War II the atoll was garrisoned by the Japanese; the coasts were fortified with coastal artillery and anti-aircraft batteries. The only bombing of Hawaii after Pearl Harbor was executed by seaplanes from Wotje; the Japanese garrison at Wotje at its peak numbered 2,959 men from the Imperial Japanese Navy, 424 men from the Imperial Japanese Army and some 750 civilian workers, many of whom were conscripted ethnic Koreans. From mid-1943 the island came under attack by United States Navy carrier-based aircraft and was shelled by warships; the attacks increased in frequency and severity after the fall of Majuro and Kwajalein to American forces, all supply lines to Wotje were cut.

By the surrender of Japan, only 1244 men of the garrison remained alive. Following the end of World War II, Wotje came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands until the independence of the Marshall Islands in 1986. Many World War II artifacts remain on the main island of Wotje, including a large concrete airstrip and big guns. Marshall Islands Public School System operates public schools. High schools: Northern Islands High SchoolPrimary schools: Wodmej Elementary School Wotje Elementary School L, Klemen. "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942". Japanese seaplane base on Wotje Oceandots entry for Wotje at the Wayback Machine Marshall Islands site

Same-sex marriage in Texas

Same-sex marriage has been legal in the U. S. state of Texas since the U. S. Supreme Court ruling of Obergefell v. Hodges on June 26, 2015. Prior to that ruling, same-sex marriage was not legal in Texas, although a state court ordered the Travis County clerk to issue one marriage license to two women on February 19, 2015, citing the illness of one of them. On February 26, 2014, Judge Orlando Garcia, of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, found that Texas's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. On April 23, 2014, Judge Barbara Nellermoe, of the 45th Judicial District Court of Bexar County, found that Texas's ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. Both cases were appealed. Within a few months of the Obergefell ruling, all counties had started issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples with the single exception of Irion County. In 1997, the Texas Legislature prohibited the issuance of marriage licenses to same-sex couples. In 2003, the Legislature enacted a statute that made void in Texas any same-sex marriage or civil union.

This statute prohibits the state or any agency or political subdivision of the state from giving effect to same-sex marriages or civil unions performed in other jurisdictions. During the Legislature's 2013 regular session, House Bill 1300 by Representative Lon Burnam would have repealed the same-sex marriage prohibition, the bill died in the State Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives. Senate Bill 480 by Senator Juan Hinojosa would have repealed only the civil union prohibition. In December 2016, Senator José R. Rodríguez filed a bill in the Texas Legislature to formally abolish the state's ban on same-sex marriage. On November 8, 2005, Texas voters approved the Texas Proposition 2 that amended the Texas Constitution to define marriage as consisting "only of the union of one man and one woman" and prohibiting the state or any political subdivision of the state from creating or recognizing "any legal status identical or similar to marriage."During the Legislature's 2013 regular session, House Joint Resolution 77 by Representative Rafael Anchia, House Joint Resolution 78 by Representative Garnet Coleman, Senate Joint Resolution 29 by Senator José R. Rodríguez would have repealed the constitutional definition of marriage, all these resolutions died in their respective committees.

In November 2013, a lesbian couple married in Massachusetts and an unmarried same-sex couple challenged the state's same-sex marriage ban. The case, De Leon v. Perry, was assigned to Federal District Judge Orlando Garcia. On February 26, Judge Garcia ruled against Texas's ban on same-sex marriage. Garcia agreed with the plaintiffs' argument that homosexuals are a suspect class entitled to a more exacting standard of review, heightened scrutiny, but found that the state's arguments fail "even under the most deferential rational basis level of review" regarding equal protection. Regarding due process and the denial of a fundamental right, he wrote that the state's ban must be reviewed under the strict scrutiny standard, he ruled that the state has "failed to identify any rational, much less a compelling, reason, served by denying same-sex couples the fundamental right to marry". He stayed enforcement of his ruling pending appeal to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. Attorney General Greg Abbott said.

Governor Rick Perry said: "The 10th Amendment guarantees Texas voters the freedom to make these decisions, this is yet another attempt to achieve via the courts what couldn't be achieved at the ballot box. We will continue to fight for the rights of Texans to self-determine the laws of our state."The case was still pending in the Fifth Circuit when the U. S. Supreme Court ruled on June 26, 2015, in Obergefell v. Hodges that the denial of marriage rights to same-sex couples is unconstitutional. On July 1, the Fifth Circuit affirmed the district court judgment in favor of the plaintiffs; the ruling remanded the case back to Judge Garcia, with instructions to issue a final order striking down Texas's marriage ban. Garcia had lifted the stay of his previous order hours after Obergefell was decided, promptly issued the final order. On February 18, 2014, a same-sex couple, married in Washington D. C. filed for child custody lawsuit. On April 23, 2014, Judge Barbara Nellermoe, of the 45th Judicial District Court of Bexar County, ruled that three portions of the Texas Family Code, as well as Section 32 of the Texas Constitution, were unconstitutional.

On April 25, 2014, Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott appealed the decision. On May 15, 2014, Judge Nellermoe rejected a push by state officials to block a same-sex couple's divorce and child-custody case from proceeding, she set a May 29 custody hearing in San Antonio for the fight between the couple over custody of their daughter. In 2009, a same-sex couple that had married in Massachusetts filed for divorce in Dallas, but before the district court could grant the divorce the Texas Attorney General intervened and challenged the court's jurisdiction to do so. On October 2, 2009, the district court ruled, in the case of In Re Marriage of J. B. and H. B. that, to the extent Texas laws purported to prevent two men who were married in Massachusetts from getting a divorce in Texas, those laws were unconstitutional. The Texas Attorney General appealed and on August 31, 2010, the Fifth Court of Appeals reversed the lower court, ruling that the same-sex marriage ban does not violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

On July 3, 2013, the Texas Supreme Court sua sponte ordered supplemental merits briefing in light of United States v. Windsor. In Austin, another same-sex couple married in Massachusetts filed for divorce, the district cou

Ariane (rocket family)

Ariane is a series of a European civilian expendable launch vehicles for space launch use. The name comes from the French spelling of the mythological character Ariadne. France first proposed the Ariane project and it was agreed upon at the end of 1973 after discussions between France and the UK; the project was Western Europe's second attempt to develop its own launcher following the unsuccessful Europa project. The Ariane project was code-named L3S; the European Space Agency charged Airbus Defence and Space, with the development of all Ariane launchers and of the testing facilities, while Arianespace, a 32.5% CNES commercial subsidiary created in 1980, handles production and marketing. Arianespace launches Ariane rockets from the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou in French Guiana. Ariane 1 was a three-stage launcher, derived from missile technology; the first two stages used hypergolic propellants and the third stage used cryogenic liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen. Ariane 2–4 were enhancements of the basic vehicle.

The major differences are improved versions of the engines, allowing stretched first- and third-stage tanks and greater payloads. The largest versions can launch two satellites, mounted in the SPELDA adapter; such versions are seen with strap-on boosters. These layouts are designated by suffixes after the generation number. First is the total number of boosters letters designating liquid- or solid-fueled stages. For example, an Ariane 42P is an Ariane 4 with two solid-fuel boosters. An Ariane 44LP has two solid, two liquid boosters, a 44L has four liquid-fuel boosters. Ariane 5 is a nearly complete redesign; the two hypergolic lower stages are replaced with a single LH2/LOX core stage. This simplifies the stack, along with the use of a single core engine; because the core cannot lift its own weight, two solid-fuel boosters are strapped to the sides. The boosters are not reused. There are two versions of the upper stage, one hypergolic and restartable with a single Aestus engine and the other with a HM7B cryogenic engine burning LH2/LOX.

On 4 May 2007, an Ariane 5-ECA rocket set a new commercial payload record, lifting two satellites with a combined mass of 9.4 tonnes. By January 2006, 169 Ariane flights had boosted 290 satellites placing 271 of them on orbit for a total mass of 575,000 kg delivered on orbit. Attesting to the ubiquity of Ariane launch vehicles, France's Cerise satellite, orbited by an Ariane in 1995, struck a discarded Ariane rocket stage in 1996; the incident marked the first verified case of a collision with a piece of catalogued space debris. On February 16, 2011, the 200th Ariane rocket was launched carrying the Johannes Kepler ATV into low Earth orbit and providing International Space Station with supplies. On November 26, 2019, flight number 250 was performed, lifting two communications satellites: TIBA-1 and Inmarsat-5 F5. Cluster launch failure — Ariane 5 Flight 501 Liquid fly-back booster Comparison of orbital launchers families Diamant Europa Vega French space program European Space Agency Arianespace Downloadable paper models of various ESA spacecraft

Pelican Creek, Queensland

Pelican Creek is a former rural locality in the Barcaldine Region, Australia. In the 2016 census, Pelican Creek had a population of 20 people. On 22 November 2019 the Queensland Government decided to amalgamate the localities in the Barcaldine Region, resulting in five expanded localities based on the larger towns: Alpha, Barcaldine and Muttaburra. Pelican Creek was incorporated into Aramac; the Muttaburra Aramac Road forms the south-west boundary of the locality. Pelican Creek flows from Lake Mueller in the north of the locality to the south-west of the locality where it becames a tributary to Aramac Creek, in turn a tributary of the Thomson River and contributes to the Lake Eyre drainage basin; the Aramac Range is within the south-east of the locality. The principal land use is grazing on native vegetation. There are no schools in Pelican Creek; the nearest primary school is in neighbouring Aramac. The nearest secondary schools are in Aramac and Barcaldine

Southwell Gift Houses

Southwell Gift Houses are 17th century almshouses in Kinsale. They are four houses for the pensioners and a supervisors house within a compound overlooking the town. Sir Robert Southwell built the almshouses in 1682, he was a prominent benefactor of Kinsale, diplomat and politician who died in 1702. The original plan was to give the houses to widows of Protestant tradesmen. From 1965 to 1970 the houses were given to elderly people of Kinsale. There are two parts to the structure; the main supervisor's house is a simple, three-bay two-storey house of modest size and the four smaller cottages are semi detached, three-bay single-storey with dormer attic houses with pitched slate roofs and red brick chimney stacks set around a courtyard. The entrance is a wrought-iron gate with gate piers. There was no money left in the endowment by 2015 and the houses were put for sale on behalf of the Church of Ireland, Bishop of Cork and Ross due to the need to restore the buildings; the houses are listed and protected

There but for Fortune (song)

"There but for Fortune" is a song by American folk musician Phil Ochs. Ochs recorded it twice, for New Folks Volume 2 and Phil Ochs in Concert. Joan Baez recorded "There but for Fortune" in 1964, her version of the song became a chart hit. "There but for Fortune" consists of four verses, each one of which ends with the line "there but for fortune may go you or I". The first verse is about a prisoner; the second verse describes a hobo. The third verse is about a drunk; the final verse describes a country, bombed. One of Ochs' biographers wrote that, "of all the songs that Phil would write, none would show his humanity as brilliantly as the four brief verses of'There but for Fortune'"; the song's title was used as the name of the 1989 compilation album There but for Fortune, which featured material taken from three albums Ochs recorded for Elektra Records between 1964 and 1966. Phil Ochs: There but for Fortune was used as the title of Michael Schumacher's 1996 biography, as well as Kenneth Bowser's 2011 documentary on the singer's life.

Ochs for Fortune" twice. In 1964 he recorded it for the Vanguard compilation New Folks Volume 2; the 1964 recording was reissued on the 2000 compact disc The Early Years. In 1966, tapes were made of Ochs's concerts at Boston's Jordan Hall, they were released as Phil Ochs in Concert. One of the songs on In Concert was "There but for Fortune". Ochs introduces the song by saying it was written for him by Joan Baez, an ironic reference to her hit single. In October 1964, Baez recorded "There but for Fortune" for Joan Baez/5, it was released in the U. S. as a single in June, 1965, with "Daddy, You Been on My Mind", a Bob Dylan song, as the B-side. In July, it was released as a single in the U. K. where its B-side was "Plaisir D'Amour". The single became a Top Ten hit in the U. K. reaching #8. It was nominated for a Grammy Award for "Best Folk Recording". In the U. S. it peaked at #50 on the Billboard chart — a good showing, but not a hit. By coincidence, Joan Baez in Concert, Part 2 became a #8 hit in the U.

K. at the same time "There but for Fortune" did. The Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975, a "War Is Over" rally was held in New York's Central Park on May 11. At the rally and Baez sang a duet of "There but for Fortune". "There but for Fortune" has been covered by more than a dozen performers besides Baez, including Chad and Jeremy, Eugene Chadbourne, The Gretchen Phillips Experience and Jean, The Mike Leander Orchestra, The New Christy Minstrels, Peter and Mary, The Spokesmen, Françoise Hardy. and Sammy Walker. Peter and Mary's cover features a bridge between the third and forth verses, containing references to hunger and children, written by Noel Paul Stookey. A French version, "Où va la chance?", with lyrics adapted by Eddy Marnay, was performed by Françoise Hardy and covered by Isabelle Boulay. List of anti-war songs