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Wyandotte, Michigan

Wyandotte is a city in Wayne County in the U. S. state of Michigan. The population was 25,883 at the 2010 census, a decrease of 7.6% from 2000. Wyandotte is located in southeastern Michigan 11 miles south of Detroit on the Detroit River, is part of the collection of communities known as Downriver. Wyandotte is bounded by Southgate, Lincoln Park, Riverview and Lasalle. Wyandotte is a sister city to Komaki and each year delegates from Komaki come to Wyandotte to tour the city. Founded as a village in 1854, Wyandotte was incorporated as a city, granted a charter by the State of Michigan, on December 12, 1866, with the first city election held in April 1867, thus making it the oldest incorporated city in Wayne County other than Detroit; the site where Wyandotte sits today in the 18th century was a small village called by the native Indians "Maquaqua" and by the local French "Monguagon". This Native American tribe was known as the Wyandot or Wendat, were part of the Huron nation from the Georgian Bay area of Canada.

It was from near here, along the banks of Ecorse Creek, now a northern boundary of the present-day city, that Chief Pontiac plotted his failed attack against the British garrisoned Fort of Detroit, in 1763. The center of the village was nearly parallel to Biddle Avenue between Oak Street and Eureka Road near the river and its sandy beach, a welcome feature to the local tribesmen, as their main mode of transportation to the fort in Detroit was by birch bark canoe; the tribe was considered peaceable and friendly with the British, the remaining French in the area, the newly arrived Americans. They were a farming tribe and were therefore stable in their settlement, relying on hunting in the local surrounding hardwood forest, fishing from the river, trading with the nearby fort and associated settlers to supplement their existence. Between Maquaqua/Wyandotte and Detroit there were numerous settlers living along the river who inhabited their ancient "Ribbon Farms", some dating back to the time of Antoine Cadillac's founding of "Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit", in July 1701.

In 1818, the Wyandot signed a treaty with the U. S. government relinquishing this land, some moving to an area near Flat Rock, Michigan to Ohio and Oklahoma. The name somewhat lives on as Kansas. One of the first white settlers to come to Wyandotte in the years after the Native Americans left was John Biddle, a Pennsylvania-born former Army major who fought in the War of 1812 and went on to a prolific political career, serving as mayor of Detroit, delegate from the Territory of Michigan in the U. S. Congress, president of the Michigan Central Railroad and speaker of the Michigan House of Representatives and one-time candidate for Michigan Governor. West Jefferson Avenue, which begins in downtown Detroit and runs south to Berlin Township, becomes Biddle Avenue within Wyandotte city limits. Biddle purchased a 2,200-acre plot near modern Biddle Avenue and Vinewood Avenue in 1835 and created a farm he called "The Wyandotte." He sold the plot in 1854 to Eber Ward of the Eureka Iron Company for $44,000.

In 1864, Captain Eber Brock Ward used a high-quality grade of iron ore from the opened Marquette Range in the Upper Peninsula, smelted it into the first Bessemer Steel commercially cast in America, using the patented Bessemer process. In 1865, the process created steel rails and allowed an explosion of iron-related businesses to open in the region; as a result, Detroit soon became a major center of iron production for use in stoves. It would be this technology that would give Henry Ford from nearby Dearborn the capabilities to create large amounts of steel for his automobile assembly lines. John S. Van Alstyne, general manager for Eber Ward of both the Eureka Iron & Steel Works and the associated Wyandotte Rolling Mills, laid out the master plan for the city; this plan was called the "Philadelphia Plan", with streets laid out on a north–south and east–west grid. Streets running in the east -- west direction were named after native trees. Van Alstyne was elected as the city's first mayor in 1867.

A street along Wyandotte's Detroit River is named after him – on the site of the former iron works he managed, after it failed and was razed around 1904. He would go on to found the Wyandotte Savings Bank in 1871, housed in the main office building of the Eureka Iron Works for decades until it relocated into a new building at the northwest corner of Biddle and Eureka Road in 1981, where it remained until it was acquired in January 1989 by NBD Bancorp. After 1995, successors to NBD – First National Bank of Chicago, Bank One, Chase Bank – continued to operate in the same building, sharing it with the Wyandotte City Hall, which relocated into that building from a nearby former department store building in late 2012, until closing this branch in 2019. Eureka Iron Works suffered a shortage of raw materials, it closed in 1892, but not before Wyandotte became a major hub in the chemical production indus

Lichfield Court

Lichfield Court, in Richmond, consists of two Grade II listed purpose-built blocks of flats. Designed by Bertram Carter and built in fine Streamline Moderne style, it was completed in 1935. Lichfield Court is built on the site of Lichfield House, named when the London residence of the Bishop of Lichfield. Wealthy sugar factor Henry Lascelles died there by suicide. Novelist Mary Elizabeth Braddon, lived there from before 1874 until her death; the house was described in 1907 as a "grand old red brick building with a beautiful formal garden". Sir Henry George Norris was the final resident; the house and grounds were acquired in 1933 by George Broadbridge and redeveloped into the present two blocks of flats. The company estate office and porters' office are situated in the main lobby of the major block; the buildings are surrounded by estate grounds which are a mix of gardens and unallocated parking, the major block having a decorative inner courtyard garden and pond. Intended for the rental market, the flats conformed to six different types ranging from studio flats with no alcove, to studio flats with one alcove or two alcoves, one to three-bedroom flats, some with balconies.

The buildings were awarded grade II listing in January 2004. The Twentieth Century Society reported the listing, saying: Lichfield Court was used as Gerda's flat in the TV adaptation of Agatha Christie's novel One, Buckle My Shoe. Official site of Lichfield Court

Abdoulkader Cissé

Abdoulaye Abdoulkader Cissé is a Burkinabé politician who served in the government of Burkina Faso as Minister of Mines and Energy from 2000 to 2011. Cissé was born in Dori, located in Séno Province, he studied in Ouagadougou in the Soviet Union at the National Economic Institute of Kiev. In 1991 he was awarded a Joint Japan / World Bank Scholarship to study at the University of Social Sciences of Toulouse in France. Beginning in 1983, he held a variety of official posts in Burkina Faso over the following eight years: he was Adviser on Economic Affairs at the Ministry of Planning and the Cooperation, Chargé de mission of the Minister-Delegate to the Presidency of Burkina Faso, President of the Economic and Social Council, Adviser to the Presidency for Economic Issues, Director of Studies and Follow-up for Investments at the Ministry of the Economy and Planning, he was a researcher on industrial economy and the privatization policies financed by the World Bank from October 1991 to February 1995.

He was President of the Chamber of Representatives, the upper house of Parliament, from December 1995 to January 1999. Cissé was appointed to the government as Minister-Delegate to the Minister of Economy and Finance, in charge of Economic Development, on 14 January 1999, he was promoted to the position of Minister of Trade and Crafts on 12 October 1999. In the May 2007 parliamentary election, he was elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of the Congress for Democracy and Progress in Seno Province, he was retained in his ministerial post in the government appointed after the election on 10 June. Although he led the CDP to a poor showing in Sahel Region in the 2006 local elections, he was subsequently retained as the CDP's Secretary for Development and Political Commissioner for Sahel Region at the party's Third Ordinary Congress in November 2006

Parthenogenesis in squamata

Parthenogenesis is a mode of asexual reproduction in which offspring are produced by females without the genetic contribution of a male. Among all the sexual vertebrates, the only examples of true parthenogenesis, in which all-female populations reproduce without the involvement of males, are found in squamate reptiles. There are about 50 species of lizard and 1 species of snake that reproduce through parthenogenesis, it is unknown how many sexually reproducing species are capable of parthenogenesis in the absence of males, but recent research has revealed that this ability is widespread among squamates. Parthenogenesis can result from either full cloning of the mother's genome, or through the combination of haploid genomes to create a "half-clone". Both mechanisms of parthenogenesis are seen in reptiles. Females can produce full clones of themselves through a modification of the normal meiosis process used to produce haploid egg cells for sexual reproduction; the female's germ cells undergo a process of premeiotic genome doubling, or endoreduplication, so that two consecutive division cycles in the process of meiosis result in a diploid, rather than haploid, genome.

Whereas homologous chromosomes pair and separate during meiosis I in sexual species, identical duplicate sister chromosomes, produced through premeiotic replication and separate during meiosis I in true parthenotes. Pairing of identical sister chromosomes, in comparison to the alternative of pairing homologous chromosomes, maintains heterozygosity in obligate parthenotes. Meiosis II involves the separation of sister chromatids in both parthenogenetic species; this method of parthenogenesis is observed in obligate parthenotes, such as lizards in the genus Cnemidophorus and Lacerta, in certain facultative parthenotes like the Burmese python. Another mechanism observed in facultative parthenote reptiles is terminal fusion, in which a haploid polar body produced as a byproduct of normal female meiosis fuses with the egg cell to form a diploid nucleus, much as a haploid sperm cell fuses its nucleus with that of an egg cell to form a diploid genome during sexual reproduction; this method of parthenogenesis produces offspring that are homozygous at nearly all genetic loci, inherit half of their mother's genetic diversity.

This form of parthenogenesis can produce male as well as WW-genotype females. Because the meiosis process proceeds in species employing this mechanism, they are capable of both sexual and asexual reproduction, as in the Komodo dragon and several species of snakes. "True" parthenogenesis is a form of asexual reproduction in all-female species that produce offspring without any male involvement. There are at least eight parthenogenetic species of Caucasian rock lizard in the genus Lacerta; this genus is unique in containing the only known monoclonal parthenogenetic species, Lacerta rostombekovi, where the entire species originates from a single hybridization event. In all other cases of unisexual reptilian species that have been examined, multiple separate asexual lineages are present; as true parthenotes, Lacerta do not require stimulation from sperm to reproduce. The best-known and most evolutionarily derived example of parthenogenesis in reptiles occurs within the Teiid genus of whiptail lizards known as Cnemidophorus.

This genus contains at least 13 parthenogenetic species, which originate from hybridization events between sexual Cnemidophorus species. Parthenogenetic whiptails are unusual in that they engage in female-female courtship to induce ovulation, with one non-ovulating female engaging in courting behavior seen in males while the ovulating female assumes the typical female role. While sex hormone levels in parthenogenetic Cnemidophorus uniparens mimic the cycles seen in their sexual relatives, their nervous systems appear to have evolved unique responses to female sex hormones. Male-like behavior in C. uniparens is correlated with high progesterone levels. This female-female pseudocopulation has been found to enhance fecundity. A triploid parthenogenetic species in the genus Aspidoscelis part of Cnemidophorus, has been fertilized with sperm from a sexual species in the same genus to produce a new tetraploid parthenogenetic species in laboratory experiments; such experiments provide evidence that truly parthenogenetic species are still capable of incorporating new genetic material and may therefore be capable of evolution.

There are six parthenogenetic gecko species in five genera: Hemidactylus garnotii, Hemidactylus vietnamensis, Hemiphyllodactylus typus, Heteronotia binoei, Nactus pelagicus, Lepidodactylus lugubris. The quoted parthenogeneetic species N. arnouxi is nomen rejectum and therefore a synonym of N. pelagicus, while Gehyra ogasawarisimae is a misidentified L. lugubris. The gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris is a parthenogenetic species known to engage in female-female copulation; the species consists of a number of clonal genetic lineages thought to arise from different hybridization events. Parthenogenetic females of this species produce male offspring, which are thought to be the result of non-genetic hormonal inversions. While these males are anatomically normal, they are sterile. Parthenotes are found in two species of the night lizard genus Lepidophyma. Unlike most parthenogenetic reptiles, Lepidophyma lizards show low genetic heterozygosity, suggesting a non-hybrid origin; the brahminy blindsnake is a triploid obligate parthenote and the only snake species known to be obligately parthenogenet

Swaroop Sagar Lake

Swaroop Sagar Lake is situated in the city of Udaipur in the Rajasthan state of India. It is an artificially created lake, named after Maharana Swarup Singh of Udaipur, it is known as Kumharia Talab, a combined water body comprising other nearby lakes Fateh Sagar Lake and Lake Pichola. Reports from the Udaipur Lake Conservation Society suggests that lakes in Udaipur helps in ground water recharge, while providing water for drinking, agricultural use and industrial use; this generates employment for around 60 percent population of Udaipur. Swaroop Sagar lake was built by Maharana Swarup Singh of Udaipur during 1842–1861; this lake was built to avoid water congestion, to balance the water level in the connecting lakes, namely Fateh Sagar Lake and Pichola Lake. Swaroop Sagar lake is located in north-west of Udaipur, adjacent to the Fateh Sagar Lake and Lake Pichola, it is situated behind the Jagdish Temple near Chandpole connecting to Rangsagar. The Swaroop Sagar Lake is approachable by road from the Udaipur City.

Visitors can take Local buses, auto-rickshaws and taxis to reach Swaroop Sagar. The lake is a 3.5 km. drive from the City Station. There is no entry ticket. List of dams and reservoirs in India List of lakes in India Udaipur Tourist Attractions in Udaipur

Bathyphysa conifera

Bathyphysa conifera, sometimes called the flying spaghetti monster, is a bathypelagic species of siphonophore in the family Rhizophysidae. The specific epithet conifera is due to the unusual shape of the cluster of gonophores. In Japanese it is called マガタマニラ / まがたまにら / 勾玉韮. In Chinese it can be called 飞行的面条怪兽, it has been found in the Northeast and Northwest Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Angola, in Monterey Bay in the Pacific Ocean. Like many siphonophores, it is carnivorous, it has a cystonect body plan, meaning it has a siphosome but no nectosome. It differs from members of the genus Rhizophysa by the presence of ptera on the young gastrozooids, it is distinct from other members of the genus Bathyphysa. A species of Caristius associates with B. conifera, using it for shelter, stealing meals, nibbling on its host as well, yet protecting it from amphipod parasites like Themisto. The name'flying spaghetti monster' refers to the resemblance between Bathyphysa conifera and the main deity of Pastafarianism, in particular following a June 2015 viral sighting of the species off the coast of Angola.

Video footage Footage from Angolan waters Series of Sherman's Lagoon comic strips on the creature Caristius specimen found with a B. conifera