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Yamhad

Yamhad was an ancient Semitic kingdom centered on Ḥalab, Syria. The kingdom emerged at the end of the 19th century BC, was ruled by the Yamhadite dynasty kings, who counted on both military and diplomacy to expand their realm. From the beginning of its establishment, the kingdom withstood the aggressions of its neighbors Mari and Assyria, was turned into the most powerful Syrian kingdom of its era through the actions of its king Yarim-Lim I. By the middle of the 18th century BC, most of Syria minus the south came under the authority of Yamhad, either as a direct possession or through vassalage, for nearly a century and a half, Yamhad dominated northern and eastern Syria, had influence over small kingdoms in Mesopotamia at the borders of Elam; the kingdom was destroyed by the Hittites annexed by Mitanni in the 16th century BC. Yamhad's population was predominately Amorite, had a typical Bronze Age Syrian culture. Yamhad was inhabited by a substantial Hurrian population that settled in the kingdom, adding the influence of their culture.

Yamhad controlled a wide trading network, being a gateway between the eastern Iranian plateau and the Aegean region in the west. Yamhad worshiped the traditional Northwest Semitic deities, the capital Halab was considered a holy city among the other Syrian cities as a center of worship for Hadad, regarded as the main deity of northern Syria. Little of Halab has been excavated by archaeologists, as Halab was never abandoned during its long history and the modern city is situated above the ancient site. Therefore, most of the knowledge about Yamhad comes from tablets discovered at Mari; the name Yamhad was an Amorite tribal name and is used synonymously with Halab when referring to the kingdom. The city of Halab was a religious center in northern Syria, was mentioned by the name Ha-lam, as a vassal of the Eblaite empire, which controlled most of Syria in the middle of the third millennium BC. Halab's fame as a Holy City contributed to its prominence; the name Halab as well as that of Yamhad appeared for the first time during the Old Babylonian period, when Sumu-Epuh, the first Yamhadite king, was attested in a seal from Mari as the ruler of the land of Yamhad, which included, in addition to Halab, the cities of Alalakh and Tuba.

Sumu-Epuh consolidated the kingdom and faced Yahdun-Lim of Mari who had a dynastic alliance with Yamhad to oppose Assyria, but campaigned in the north threatening the kingdom. The Yamhadite king supported the Yaminite tribes and formed an alliance with other Syrian states including Urshu and Carchemish, against the Mariote king who defeated his enemies, but was killed by his son Sumu-Yamam; the rise of Shamshi-Adad I of Assyria proved more dangerous to Yamhad than Mari. The Assyrian king was an ambitious conqueror with the aim to rule Mesopotamia and the Levant, styled himself as "king of the world". Shamshi-Adad surrounded Yamhad by way of alliances with Charchemish and Urshu to the north and by conquering Mari to the east, forcing Zimri-Lim the heir of Mari to flee. Sumu-Epuh welcomed Zimri-Lim and aimed to use him against Assyria since he was the legitimate heir of Mari. Shamshi-Adad's most dangerous alliance was with Qatna, whose king Ishi-Addu became Assyria's agent at Yamhad's borders and married his daughter to Yasmah-Adad, the son of the Assyrian king, installed by his father as king of Mari.

Sumu-Epuh was killed during his fight with Shamshi-Adad and was succeeded by his son Yarim-Lim I, who consolidated his father's kingdom and turned it into the most powerful kingdom in Syria and northern Mesopotamia. Yarim-Lim surrounded Shamshi-Adad by alliances with Hammurabi of Babylon and Ibal-pi-el II of Eshnunna in 1777 BC he advanced to the east conquering Tuttul and installing Zimri-Lim as governor of the city; the death of the Assyrian king came a year later. Yarim-Lim sent his army with Zimri-Lim, to restore his ancestors throne as an ally-vassal to Yamhad, cementing the relationship through a dynastic marriage between the new Mariote king and Shibtu, the daughter of Yarim-Lim. Yarim-Lim spent the next years of his reign expanding the kingdom; the Syrian city-states were subdued through alliances or force. A sample of Yarim-Lim policy of diplomacy and war can be read in a tablet discovered at Mari, sent to the king of Dēr in southern Mesopotamia, which included a declaration of war against Der and its neighbor Diniktum, the tablet mentions the stationing of 500 Yamhadite warships for twelve years in Diniktum, the Yamhadite military support of Der for 15 years.

Yarim-Lim's accomplishments elevated Yamhad into the status of a Great Kingdom and the Yamhadite king title became the Great King. Yarim-Lim I was succeeded by his son Hammurabi I, he was able to force Charchemish into submission, sent troops to aid Hammurabi of Babylon against Larsa and Elam. The alliance ended after the Babylonian king destroyed it. Babylon did not attack Yamhad and the relations between the two kingdoms remained peaceful in years. Hammurabi I was succeeded by his son Abba-El I, whose reign witnessed the rebellion of the city Irridu, under the authority of prince Yarim-Lim, Abba-El's brother. Th

Stithians Show

Stithians Show takes place on the day after Feast Sunday in the village of Stithians, Cornwall. It was first held in 1834 and is recognised as being one of the largest one-day shows in the United Kingdom attracting in excess of 20,000 visitors, competitors and entertainers; the show has competitive sections, trade stands, side shows and catering. The Show is divided into several competitive sections each with its own Committee; the main sections of the show are: Arts, Craft & Cookery Cage Birds, Cavies, Dog Show, Dog Agility, Horse Show, Pigeons, Rabbits, Young Farmers Club As well as the competitive sections, there are many other attractions to entertain and sell: Community & Churches Countryside Area Craft Stalls Entertainment – Kelly's Entertainment Area and the bandstand. Fairground Catering Steam & Vintage Taste of Cornwall Trade Stalls It is unclear where the first shows were held, with references to'Churchtown' appearing in The West Briton on 27 July 1838. For many years the show was held in the fields which form part of the Ennis and Carbis Farm, with the playing fields in the heart of the village forming the hub from 1938.

Fields on the glebe land were used as the Show expanded, it was increased rental on this land that caused the relocation of the Show in 1992. In 1992 the Association was fortunate enough to purchase 65 acres of Kennal Farm and to establish the present site; the Show has now left the heart of the village, but with improved car-parking and permanent water and electricity supplies, this has enabled the Show to become self-sufficient. The Show has been held continuously since then. Stithians Show

1993 World Championships in Athletics – Women's 10,000 metres

The women's 10,000 metres event featured at the 1993 World Championships in Stuttgart, Germany. There were a total number of 42 participating athletes, with two qualifying heats and the final being held on 21 August 1993; the race was conducted in 30ºC temperatures, but the Chinese team took the race out at a pace only seen once before, during Ingrid Kristiansen's world record race 5 years earlier. Zhong Huandi took the pace for her 20 year old country mate Wang Junxia, while the others struggled to keep up. 15 year old Sally Barsosio stayed close to the pace, but her inexperience and erratic movements disrupted the flow for several runners near her. At one point during the race she was shown a yellow card by an umpire to tell her to get out of the way. After getting spiked too many times from Barsosio's back kick, Elana Meyer walked off the track; the fast pace slowed mid-race in frustration, Wang took off, separating from the chase pack of Zhong and Tegla Loroupe. Wang began dropping her lap times progressively 72, 71, 70, 69, 68.

She capped it off with a 61 final lap for a championship record 30:49.30. Half a lap back, Barsosio had edged ahead of with Loroupe unable to maintain the pace and fading Zhong launched into a sprint the loping Barsosio could not match, pulling away to a three second gap for silver. After the race, Barsosio was disqualified. A little over two weeks Wang demolished the world record, running 29:31.78, part of a record smashing National Games of China when three major women's distance records were set. Wang's 10,000 record lasted until the 2016 Olympics, her 3000 metres record from 1993 has never been beaten. 4th place in that 1993 Chinese race is still the #4 time in history. In 2016, a letter written by Wang in 1995 was published where she is said to have admitted to herself and her Liaoning teammates doping. Zhong trained with a different group in Yunnan. Four years Barsosio won this race as a 19 year old. Held on Thursday 1993-08-19 1990 Women's European Championships 10,000 metres 1991 Women's World Championships 10,000 metres 1992 Women's Olympic 10,000 metres 1994 Women's European Championships 10,000 metres 1995 Women's World Championships 10,000 metres 1996 Women's Olympic 10,000 metres Results