Yangxin County, Hubei

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Yangxin County
阳新县
County
A local shrine in Xinwupu Township[citation needed] in Yangxin County
A local shrine in Xinwupu Township[citation needed] in Yangxin County
Yangxin is located in Hubei
Yangxin
Yangxin
Location in Hubei
Coordinates: 29°54′N 115°13′E / 29.900°N 115.217°E / 29.900; 115.217Coordinates: 29°54′N 115°13′E / 29.900°N 115.217°E / 29.900; 115.217
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Prefecture-level city Huangshi
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Website www.hbyxx.gov.cn (in Chinese)

Yangxin County (simplified Chinese: 阳新县; traditional Chinese: 陽新縣; pinyin: Yángxīn Xiàn) is a county within the prefecture-level city of Huangshi in southeastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China. The county is mostly rural, but more prosperous than its neighbor, Tongshan County. According to the Fifth Population Census of China (2000), the county's population was 949,102, giving it a population density of 341 people per square kilometer.[1] The county is made up of 22 township-level divisions.[2][3][4][5][6]

History[edit]

Bronze Nao. Shang Dynasty. Unearthed from Liurongshan Village, Baisha Town.

Yangxin has 7 neolithic sites and 8 Shang-Zhou Dynasties sites. In 201 BC the county was built as Xiazhi (下雉); the name "Yangxin" first appeared during Jin Dynasty.

From the Southern and Northern Dynasties period, Hubei became a noteworthy tea producing area. It became Xingguo Army (兴国军) during the Song Dynasty. During this period, Confucian schools were introduced into Xingguo. In the Yuan Dynasty, it was called Xingguo Road and had the biggest silver production among all roads in Hubei. During the Qing Dynasty the Yangxin area became Xingguo Prefecture.

In the late Qing Dynasty, Yangxin County served as the headquarters for the west march of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. The prefecture was turned into a county in 1912 and changed its name to Yangxin County in 1914. In 1926, a Communist Party of China committee was established, and Yangxin became a center of communist activities in Southeast Hubei. In the Second Sino-Japanese War, the people of Yangxin formed 4 counter-Japanese base areas and fought the Battle of Wuhan in order to protect Wuhan. Yangxin was occupied by the 43rd Army, 15th Legion, #4th Field Army of PLA on May 16, 1949.[7]

Geography[edit]

It occupies the southern half of the Huangshi City, bordering on Jiangxi in the south, and with Tongshan County in the west. The Yangtze River flows along the county's eastern border.

The southern part of the county, located in the foothills of the Mufu Mountains, is hilly.

Besides the county's main urban area, Xingguo Town, usually referred to simply as Yangxin, as is normally the case in Chinese counties), other large towns include Longgang (龙港) and Futu (浮屠).

Transportation[edit]

The main transportation artery of the county is China National Highway 106, also known as China National Highway 316 within the county. However, it does not pass through the Yangxin county seat (Xingguo town); the town is served by Hubei provincial highway 316 (not to be confused with the national highway of the same number).

The Yangxin Railway Station is located on the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway, which runs from Wuhan to Jiujiang, Jiangxi. A number of passenger trains running from the Wuchang (or sometimes Hankou) station in Wuhan stops at the Yangxin Railway Station. The distance from the Yangxin station to Wuchang by rail is 153 kilometres (95 mi), the typical travel time by train being around 2 hours, usually with stops at the Huangshi station, Ezhou, and Huazhong.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Huangshi population statistics, as reported by Huangshi Prefecture-Level City Government
  2. ^ 行政区划 (in Simplified Chinese). Yangxin County People's Government (阳新县人民政府). Retrieved 25 February 2018. 阳新县现辖22个镇(区),即兴国镇、富池镇、黄颡口镇、韦源口镇、陶港镇、白沙镇、浮屠镇、三溪镇、王英镇、龙港镇、洋港镇、排市镇、木港镇、枫林镇、太子镇、大王镇,阳新经济开发区、城东新区(综合管理区)、率洲管理区、半壁山管理区、荆头山管理区、金海开发区 
  3. ^ 阳新县历史沿革 (in Simplified Chinese). XZQH (行政区划网站). 6 August 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2018. 2013年5月,阳新县的太子镇、大王镇交由黄石经济开发区代管。 2010年第六次人口普查,阳新县常住总人口827631人,其中:兴国镇137412人,富池镇32821人,黄颡口镇32898人,韦源口镇27430人,太子镇36606人,大王镇39500人,陶港镇28052人,白沙镇84882人,浮屠镇73213人,三溪镇37787人,龙港镇79743人,洋港镇31164人,排市镇33780人,木港镇42448人,枫林镇36878人,王英镇35105人,综合农场10373人,率洲农场10129人,半壁山农场3669人,荆头山农场4162人,阳新原种场1022人,金海开发区8557人。 
  4. ^ 2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:阳新县 (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2018. 统计用区划代码 名称 420222100000 兴国镇 420222101000 富池镇 420222102000 黄颡口镇 420222103000 韦源口镇 420222104000 太子镇 420222105000 大王镇 420222106000 陶港镇 420222107000 白沙镇 420222108000 浮屠镇 420222109000 三溪镇 420222110000 龙港镇 420222111000 洋港镇 420222112000 排市镇 420222113000 木港镇 420222114000 枫林镇 420222115000 王英镇 420222451000 率洲农场 420222452000 半壁山农场 420222453000 荆头山农场 420222455000 金海开发区 420222456000 城东新区 
  5. ^ 湖北黄石市阳新县 (in Simplified Chinese). 博雅地名网. Retrieved 25 February 2018. 
  6. ^ 𣲗源口 (Wéiyuánkǒu) 现代汉语词典(第七版) [A Dictionary of Current Chinese (Seventh Edition)] (7 ed.). Beijing: Commercial Press. 1 September 2016. p. 1361. ISBN 978-7-100-12450-8. 
  7. ^ 湖北省阳新县县志编纂委员会编纂 (August 1993). 总述. 阳新县志. Beijing: Xinhua Press. pp. 1–3. 
  8. ^ Yangxin (阳新) schedule search at [1], ca. 2008