Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities. Situated along the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the administrative and industrial center of the country, it has been the capital since 1918, the fourteenth in the history of Armenia and the seventh located in or around the Ararat plain. The city serves as the seat of the Araratian Pontifical Diocese; the history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by king Argishti I at the western extreme of the Ararat plain. Erebuni was "designed as a great administrative and religious centre, a royal capital." By the late ancient Armenian Kingdom, new capital cities were established and Yerevan declined in importance. Under Iranian and Russian rule, it was the center of the Erivan Khanate from 1736 to 1828 and the Erivan Governorate from 1850 to 1917, respectively. After World War I, Yerevan became the capital of the First Republic of Armenia as thousands of survivors of the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire arrived in the area.
The city expanded during the 20th century as Armenia became part of the Soviet Union. In a few decades, Yerevan was transformed from a provincial town within the Russian Empire to Armenia's principal cultural and industrial center, as well as becoming the seat of national government. With the growth of the Armenian economy, Yerevan has undergone major transformation. Much construction has been done throughout the city since the early 2000s, retail outlets such as restaurants and street cafés, which were rare during Soviet times, have multiplied; as of 2011, the population of Yerevan was 1,060,138, just over 35% of the Republic of Armenia's total population. According to the official estimate of 2016, the current population of the city is 1,073,700. Yerevan was named the 2012 World Book Capital by UNESCO. Yerevan is an associate member of Eurocities. Of the notable landmarks of Yerevan, Erebuni Fortress is considered to be the birthplace of the city, the Katoghike Tsiranavor church is the oldest surviving church of Yerevan and Saint Gregory Cathedral is the largest Armenian cathedral in the world, Tsitsernakaberd is the official memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide, several opera houses, museums and other cultural institutions.
Yerevan Opera Theatre is the main spectacle hall of the Armenian capital, the National Gallery of Armenia is the largest art museum in the Republic of Armenia and shares a building with the History Museum of Armenia, the Matenadaran repository contains one of the largest depositories of ancient books and manuscripts in the world. One theory regarding the origin of Yerevan's name is the city was named after the Armenian king, Yervand IV, the last leader of the Orontid Dynasty, founder of the city of Yervandashat. However, it is that the city's name is derived from the Urartian military fortress of Erebuni, founded on the territory of modern-day Yerevan in 782 BC by Argishti I; as elements of the Urartian language blended with that of the Armenian one, the name evolved into Yerevan. Scholar Margarit Israelyan notes these changes when comparing inscriptions found on two cuneiform tablets at Erebuni: The transcription of the second cuneiform bu of the word was essential in our interpretation as it is the Urartaean b, shifted to the Armenian v.
The original writing of the inscription read «er-bu-ni». In other words b was placed between two vowels; the true pronunciation of the fortress-city was Erebuny. Early Christian Armenian chroniclers attributed the origin of the name Yerevan to a derivation from an expression exclaimed by Noah, in Armenian. While looking in the direction of Yerevan, after the ark had landed on Mount Ararat and the flood waters had receded, Noah is believed to have exclaimed, "Yerevats!". In the late medieval and early modern periods, when Yerevan was under Turkic and Persian rule, the city was known in Persian as Iravân; this name is still used by Azerbaijanis. The city was known as Erivan under Russian rule during the 19th and early 20th centuries; the city was renamed back to Yerevan in 1936. Up until the mid-1970s the city's name was spelled Erevan, more than Yerevan, in English sources; the principal symbol of Yerevan is Mount Ararat, visible from any area in the capital. The seal of the city is a crowned lion on a pedestal with the inscriptit in the upper part.
The emblem is a rectangular shield with a blue border. On 27 September 2004, Yerevan adopted an anthem, "Erebuni-Yerevan", written by Paruyr Sevak and composed by Edgar Hovhanisyan, it was selected in new flag that would best represent the city. The chosen flag has a white background with the city's seal in the middle, surrounded by twelve small red triangles that symbolize the twelve historic capitals of Armenia; the flag includes the three colours of the Armenian National flag. The lion is portrayed on the orange background with blue edging; the territory of Yerevan has been inhabited since the 2nd half of the 4th millennium BC. The southern part of the city currentl
Iron Man is the name of several fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The first, main, character is Tony Stark, created by writers Stan Lee and Larry Lieber and artists Don Heck and Jack Kirby. Other characters have adopted the alias over the years, using it both for bad. Tony Stark - A billionaire scientist and playboy, Stark created the first Iron Man armor when injured after being taken captive by terrorists, using it to escape. In the years that followed, he created dozens more armors, was the user of the Iron Man identity for most of that time. Weasel Wills - A two-bit thief who broke into Stark Industries, Wills stole the MK III Iron Man armor and used it and the identity to criminally benefit himself. Within a short amount of time, he was defeated by Tony Stark, wearing the MK II Iron Man armor. Happy Hogan - Tony Stark's chauffeur/bodyguard, Hogan first donned the armor of Iron Man when Stark was hospitalized, he has become Iron Man various times since.
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Andrea Di Vito is an Italian comic book artist. Di Vito was born in Rome, showed a love for drawing from an early age, his first published work appeared in the form of two short stories in the Italian magazine Intrepido. He was first published in America in Marvel Comics' Marvel Shadows and Light, with one of his pinups appearing in the comic book. Di Vito was asked to join the CrossGen staff as an associate penciller and became a fill-in artist for the comic books The First and Scion, becoming the official penciller of the former six months later. After nine issues on The First, Di Vito worked with Chuck Dixon and Rob Schwager on a new project, Brath. After over a year of work on this title, Di Vito decided to expand his horizons, lending his talents to other companies, he has pencilled such high-profile Marvel series as Young Avengers. He worked with IDW, becoming the regular penciler for Dungeons & Dragons and ], he penciled the World War Hulk: X-Men limited series. He is working on The Union after having penciled The Savage Sword of Conan #12.
Brath #1-5, 7-14 Brath Prequel #1 The First #6, 15-20, 22-24 Saurians: Unnatural Selection #1-2 Scion #10, 12, 28 Annihilation #1-6 Annihilation: Heralds of Galactus #2 Black Panther #33 Captain America and the Falcon #8 Civil War: House of M #1-5 Dungeons and Dragons Marvel Comics Presents #1-7 Nova #22-24, 26-28, 31-33, 35 Stormbreaker: The Saga of Beta Ray Bill #1-6 Thing #1-5 Thor #80-85 Young Avengers #7-8 What If Aunt May Had Died Instead of Uncle Ben? World War Hulk: X-Men #1-3 Avengers: Edge of Infinity Avengers: Shards of Infinity Black Panther: The sound and the Fury Ant-Man & The Wasp: Living legends Captain Marvel:Movie prelude Guardians of the Galaxy: Living the dream Marvel: Future Fight Marvel: Strike Force Spider-Man: Morning Rush The Savage Sword of Conan #12 The Union #1-5 Annihilation: The Nova Corps Files Annihilation Saga Stormbreaker: The Saga Of Beta Ray Bill #1-6 Thing #1-8 X-Factor #19 ] ] Andrea Di Vito at Marvel Comics