Yonkers is a city in Westchester County, New York. It is the fourth most populous city in the U. S. state of New York, behind New York City and Rochester. The population of Yonkers was 195,976 as enumerated in the 2010 United States Census and is estimated to have increased by 2.5% to 199,663 in 2018. It is an inner suburb of New York City, directly to the north of the Bronx and two miles north of the northernmost point in Manhattan. Yonkers' downtown is centered on a plaza known as Getty Square, where the municipal government is located; the downtown area houses significant local businesses and non-profits, serves as a major retail hub for Yonkers and the northwest Bronx. The city is home including Untermyer Park. Major shopping areas are located in Getty Square, on South Broadway, at the Cross County Shopping Center and Westchester's Ridge Hill, along Central Park Avenue, informally called "Central Ave" by area residents, a name it takes a few miles north in White Plains. Yonkers is known as the "City of Seven Hills" which includes Park Hill, Nodine Hill, Ridge Hill, Cross Hill, Locust Hill, Glen Hill, Church Hill.
The land on which the city is built was once part of a 24,000-acre land grant called Colen Donck that ran from the current Manhattan-Bronx border at Marble Hill northwards for 12 miles, from the Hudson River eastwards to the Bronx River. In July 1645, this area was granted to the patroon of Colendonck. Van der Donck was known locally as the Jonkheer or Jonker, a word from which the name "Yonkers" is directly derived. Van der Donck built a saw mill near. Van der Donck was killed in the Peach War, his wife, Mary Doughty, was taken ransomed later. Near the site of van der Donck's mill is Philipse Manor Hall, a Colonial-era manor house which today serves as a museum and archive, offering many glimpses into life before the American Revolution; the original structure was built around 1682 by Frederick Philipse and his wife Margaret Hardenbroeck. Frederick was a wealthy Dutchman who by the time of his death had amassed an enormous estate, which encompassed the entire modern City of Yonkers, as well as several other Hudson River towns.
Philipse's great-grandson, Frederick Philipse III, was a prominent Loyalist during the American Revolution, because of his political leanings, was forced to flee to England. All the lands that belonged to the Philipse family were sold. For its first 200 years, Yonkers was a small farming town with an active industrial waterfront. Yonkers's growth rested on developing industry. In 1853, Elisha Otis invented the first safety elevator and the Otis Elevator Company opened the first elevator factory in the world on the banks of the Hudson near what is now Vark Street, it relocated to larger quarters in the 1880s. Around the same time, the Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company expanded to 45 buildings, 800 looms, more than 4,000 workers and was known as one of the premier carpet-producing centers in the world; the community was incorporated as a village in the northern part of the town of Yonkers in 1854 and as a city in 1872. In 1874 the southern part of the town, including Kingsbridge and Riverdale, was annexed by New York City as The Bronx.
In 1898, Yonkers voted on a referendum to determine. While the results were positive elsewhere, the returns were so negative in Yonkers and neighboring Mount Vernon that those two areas were not included in the consolidated city and remained independent. Still, some residents call the city "the Sixth Borough" referring to its location on the New York City border, its urban character, the failed merger vote. During the American Civil War, 254 Yonkers resident joined the Navy, they enlisted in four different regiments. These included the 6th New York Heavy Artillery, the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, the 17th New York Volunteers, the 15th NY National Guard. During the New York City Draft Riots, Yonkers formed the Home Guards; this force of constables was formed to protect Yonkers for rioting, feared to spread from New York City, which for Yonkers residents it never did. In total, seventeen Yonkers residents were killed during the Civil War; the New York City and Northern Railway Company connected Yonkers to Manhattan and points north from 1888.
A three-mile spur to Getty Square existed until 1943. Aside from being a manufacturing center, Yonkers played a key role in the development of entertainment in the United States. In 1888, Scottish-born John Reid founded the first golf course in the United States, St. Andrew's Golf Club, in Yonkers. Bakelite, the first synthetic plastic, was invented in Yonkers circa 1906 by Leo Baekeland, manufactured there until the late 1920s. Today, two of the former Alexander Smith and Sons Carpet Company loft buildings located at 540 and 578 Nepperhan Avenue have been repurposed to house the YoHo Artist Community, a collective group of talented artists that works out of private studios there. During World War I
Hostages is an Indian crime thriller web video series directed by Sudhir Mishra. It is an official adaptation of an Israeli series of the same name; the series is streaming in seven Indian languages on Hotstar and stars Tisca Chopra, Ronit Roy, Parvin Dabas, Aashim Gulati and Mohan Kapoor. Surgeon Dr. Mira Anand is scheduled to perform a routine operation on the chief minister, but the night before the procedure, her family is taken hostage and she is ordered to assassinate her unwitting patient in order to save her family, forcing her to make a decision. Ronit Roy as SP Preethvee Singh IPS Tisca Chopra as Dr. Mira Anand Parvin Dabas as Sanjay Anand Aashim Gulati as Aman Mohan Kapur as Subramanian Anangsha Biswas as Hyma Sharad Joshi as Shovan Anand Malhaar Rathod as Shaina Anand Surya as Sharma Prince Sachin Khurana as DYSP Dutt Manish Uppal as Naveen Khatana Parag Gupta as Bunty Kashish Arora as Girl Hostage Danish Kalra as Dr. Shastri Harish Khatri as Dr. Hingoorani Dalip Gulati as Doctor 1 Shahnawaz Pradhan as Shukla Yusuf Hussain as Dr. Ali Dalip Tahil as CM Khushwant Lal Handa Richa Goswami as Avantika Saajan Malhotra as Rakesh Dayaram Yadav as CM Security Guard 2 Sumit Yadav as Arms Dealer Bhavesh Babani as Sameer Kapoor Palak Sindhwani as Min Meenal Kapoor as Sneha Amit Sial as Peter George Ritu as Mishra Lata Manu Malik as Mahesh It was announced as part of the Hotstar Specials in March.
On May 18 the trailer was released by Hotstar on various social media platforms, revealing the show would be streamed on May 31. Shweta Keshri of India Today didn't enjoy Hostages but feels it can't be ignored. Praising the acting of Ronit Roy and Tisca Chopra, she said: "It is intriguing in parts but fails to hold the interest of its viewers". Saraswati Datar of The News Minute said, "While it can capture your attention, it may not hold you captive throughout." Hostages on IMDb
The 1960 NCAA University Divisions Cross Country Championships were the 22nd annual cross country meet to determine the team and individual national champions of men's collegiate cross country running in the United States. Held on November 21, 1960, the meet was hosted by Michigan State University at the Forest Akers East Golf Course in East Lansing, Michigan; the distance for the race was 4 miles. All NCAA University Division members were eligible to qualify. In total, 12 teams and 99 individual runners contested this championship; the team national championship was won by their first. The individual championship was retained by Al Lawrence from Houston, with a time of 19:28.44. Distance: 4 miles NCAA Men's Division II Cross Country Championship