click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Yorkshire Wolds

The Yorkshire Wolds are low hills in the counties of the East Riding of Yorkshire and North Yorkshire in north-eastern England. The name applies to the district in which the hills lie. On the western edge, the Wolds rise to an escarpment which drops to the Vale of York; the highest point on the escarpment is Bishop Wilton Wold, 807 feet above sea level. To the north, on the other side of the Vale of Pickering, lie the North York Moors, to the east the hills flatten into the plain of Holderness; the largest town in the Wolds is Driffield, with other places including Pocklington and Kilham, the original capital of the Wolds. The highest village on the Yorkshire Wolds is Fridaythorpe at 550 feet above sea level; the hills are formed from chalk, make an arc from the Humber estuary west of Hull up to the North Sea coast between Bridlington and Scarborough. Here they rise up to form cliffs, most notably at Bempton Cliffs and Filey. On the other side of the Humber, the chalk formations continue as the Lincolnshire Wolds.

The Humber Bridge was built at the point due to its geological stability. Most of the area takes the form of an elevated rolling plateau, cut by numerous deep, steep-sided, flat-bottomed valleys of glacial origin; the chalk formation of the hills provides exceptionally good drainage, with the result that most of these valleys are dry. The valleys are hard to see from above, creating the visual impression that the landscape is much flatter than is the case; the unusual topography results in an "upside-down" farming system – livestock graze the valleys, with the hills above used for crops. Located in the northern part of England, UK, the Yorkshire Wolds have a temperate maritime climate, dominated by the passage of mid latitude depressions; the weather is changeable from day to day and the warming influence of the Gulf Stream makes the region mild for its latitude. The higher ground of the Wolds results in their being cooler than the surrounding lowland areas and drifting snow is a problem in winter.

The average total annual rainfall is 729 mm with rain falling on average 128 days of the year. January is the coldest month and December the wettest; the warmest month is August and the driest is February. The Wolds reach the sea at Flamborough Head where the chalk cliffs plunge over 430 feet to the North Sea. To the south of Flamborough lies the resort town of Bridlington and to the north the sheer cliffs at Speeton overlook Filey Bay. Inland the high Wolds scarp overlooks the Vale of Pickering; the so-called Great Wold Valley traverses the area. It is occupied by a small brook called the Gypsey Race; this brook empties its waters into Bridlington Harbour. The valley of the Gypsey Race turns south and east in two right angle bends, one at Burton Fleming, the other at Rudston. In dry conditions the brook dries up in parts of its course and re-emerges downstream. Another notable feature of this area of the Wolds is Danes Dyke, a great ditch extending across Flamborough Head; the dyke consists of double ramparts, a ditch, about 20 yards wide and 20 feet deep and a further rampart which rises to 18 feet above ground level.

The origin of this feature is obscure although it is not Danish. Bempton Cliffs is a seabird colony and an R. S. P. B. Nature reserve. Notable settlements include Flamborough village, North Landing and South Landing on Flamborough Headland; the village of Reighton which extends down the steep scarp face of the Wolds has many buildings made of the local chalk. Hunmanby was once a large market town and its buildings are centred on the old triangular market place. A series of villages lies at the foot of the northern scarp of the Wolds each having a parish which contains an area of chalk hillside, fertile benches and marshy land on the Vale of Pickering. Fordon is one of the smallest villages in England consisting of only a few farms and a small church some parts of which are of Norman construction. Wold Newton and Burton Fleming lie in the Great Wold Valley. A large round barrow called Willy Howe lies between Wold Thwing. At Rudston Britain's tallest standing stone can be seen in the church yard. Boynton Hall was the home of William Strickland, reputed to have brought the turkey to England.

On the Wold top there are many traces of pre-historic peoples such as the barrows at Willerby Wold and Sharpe Howes above Folkton. On the seaward dip slope of the Wolds there is a series of villages extending from Bridlington to Driffield; these mark the spring line and the natural boundary between the chalk Wolds and the clay of Holderness. Driffield lies central to the crescentic shape of the Wolds area and since all of the Wolds are within easy reach it has become an important market town and is known as the Capital of the Wolds. Villages of note include: Nafferton, which lies just off the A166 road and boasts a pretty mill pond fed by springs, Wansford to the south, lies on the Driffield canal and it has a church built by Sir Tatton Sykes in 1868. Close to Ruston Parva is Danes Graves, an archaeological site consisting of some 500 small round barrows marking Iron Age burials at least one of which yielded a corpse buried with a chariot and harness. Burton Agnes boasts the ruins of a manor house dating from 1170 AD and a fine Hall and gatehouse of the Elizabethan period.

K

Cushie Butterfield

"Cushie Butterfield" is a famous Geordie folk song written in the 19th century by Geordie Ridley, in the style of the music hall popular in the day. It is regarded by many as the second unofficial anthem of Tyneside after Blaydon Races; this now famous local piece pokes fun at one of the many whitening-stone sellers. The stone, made of baked clay was used to clean and decorate the stone steps leading up to the front door of the many terrace houses in the area. Ridley had to leave the area for a while when the song caused consternation with the real live stone sellers, it is the last song written by him. The song was featured, along with a number of other Geordie folk songs of yesteryear, in "Geordie The Musical" which premiered at the Customs House in North Shields in 2015 and was recommissioned in 2017 at the Tyne Theatre & Opera House as part of their 150-year anniversary celebrations; the song was first published in 1862 by Thomas Allan in his book of a collection of Tyneside songs. The music was by Harry Clifton composed and performed by him as "Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green", though not published in the original version until a year or two after the words to "Cushey Butterfield" had appeared in print.

The version below is taken from the 1873 edition of the book, now titled "A Choice collection of Tyneside songs, by Wilson, Mitford, Robson, Harrison... with the lives of the authors, illustrated with views of the town and portraits of the poets and eccentrics of Newcastle". It appears on pages 220 & 221; this version is as follows: CUSHEY BUTTERFIELD' Air – “Pretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green” THE LAST SONG WRITTEN BY GEORGE RIDLEY. For a translation, see Geordie dialect words 1 Gyetshead is Gateshead, the town on the opposite side of the River Tyne from Newcastle upon Tyne2 Sandgate pronounced Sandgit, is an area of the town named from the Sand Gate, one of the six main gates in the Newcastle town wall, a medieval defensive wall, the remaining parts of which are a Scheduled Ancient Monument; the quayside section of the wall was pulled down in 1763 and the Sand Gate In 1701 the Keelmen's Hospital was built in the Sandgate area of the city, using funds provided by the keelmen. This building still stands today.

3 Shipcote was a colliery in Gateshead. 4 Keelman were the dockers of yesteryear. Many, in fact the majority, resided as a close-knit community with their families in the Sandgate area, to the east of the city and beside the river, their work included working on the keels/keelboats which were used to transfer coal from the river banks to the waiting colliers, for transport to various destinations including London. 5 A hewer is a mining term for the miner who digs the coal. NOTE – Generally – "HER" is pronounced "HOR" "CUSHY" is spelt differently in Verse 1 line 3 and the chorus from that in the song title "CUSHEY" or modern day "CUSHIE" Verse 1 line 1 "AW" is now, in versions spelt "Aa" or "I's" line 1 "HEARTED" is (often in versions" spelt "HAIRTED" line 2 & verse 2 line 2 – "YUNG" is spelt differently from the standard spelling "young" in those lines, but the spelling "young" appears in verse 2 line 4 Chorus - "CALL" is pronounced "CAALL" "BEER" is spelt "BEOR" Verse 3 line 1 "SANDGATE" pronounced "SANDGIT" line 2 "SAWDUST" pronounced "SAARDUST" line 3 "GOLASHES" "GALOSHES" Verse 4 line 1 "WHEN" pronounced "WHAN" line 1 the "ME" after marry is now witten "US" line 2 the publisher has inserted an extra space after monkey Owen Brannigan was one of England's most popular bass singer in his day.

His E. P. Folk Songs From Northumbria included Cushie Butterfield together with six other titles YouTube recording. Geordie dialect wordsPretty Polly Perkins of Paddington Green Farne Folk Archive Resource North East Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums

Naihan Li

Naihan Li is a Chinese designer architect. She lives and works in Beijing in the Caochangdi Art District. After graduating from Bartlett School of Architecture Li returned to Beijing where she first collaborated with Ai Weiwei as coordinator for the Jinhua Architectural Park development, she worked as independent architect and designer for architectural and graphic design projects of different scales. Her finished constructions include Keruo Space, a space for practices in Caochangdi, the Royal Kitchen restaurant and shop inside the Forbidden City. After the establishment of BAO Atelier Hong Kong Ltd.), as a director of the company, she led graphic and catalogue design projects such as "Aftershock- Contemporary British Art" for the British Council. Additionally, she worked on the exhibition design of Seduction-Borderline Moving Image and NIKE Golden 08 Beijing Olympic Creative research project. Other positions include project coordinator and designer of the UBS Art Collection Show in Shanghai Art Museum, "Memories for Tomorrow".

In 2009, Naihan was a featured artist and exhibition designer for the E-Art Festival, New Media Archaeology Exhibition in Shanghai and exhibition Emporium in Milan, Italy. In 2010, she started her own furniture design studio that includes the furniture series, The Crates, nominated for Design of the Year Award 2012 by the Design Museum in London. In 2011, she participated as exhibition designer to the Gwangju Design Biennale Un-Named section, curated by Ai Weiwei, developed a new series of furniture called FOLD for the exhibition display. In 2011, she participated in Beijing Design Week as a featured designer where she showcased her collection of mobile pop-up furniture CRATES, was nominated for the W Hotel Designer of the Future Award, Design Miami 2012, she initiated RAWR Design Laboratory and organized Beijing Design Week Design Hub Caochangdi Community, working with Chinese contemporary artists Ai Wei Wei in 2012 and Liu Wei in 2013 to create the CCD Pavilion installation. In 2013, she organized A Taste of Guizhou exhibition featuring contemporary design in crossover with Chinese traditional craftsmanship from the Miao ethnic group.

In the same year, she participated as a featured designer in the Digital Crystal Exhibition by Swarovski in Beijing with her work, Crystal Puzzle. In 2014, Li's CCTV wardrobe from the I Am a Monument Series was featured in the Curio Section of the 10th Design Miami. During this time, she was the Featured Designer of Design Shanghai 2014, she worked with department store chain Lane Crawford on their 2014 A/W Collection launch project in Hong Kong and Beijing with her metal crate Hydroponic Garden Wardrobe collection. She started her collaboration with Sino Crane Huahe Group on a brand new collection of domestic furniture. In 2015, she designed YUZ Museum Shanghai's Museum Cafe, participated as one of the featured designers in Lane Crawford 165 Celebration project in conjunction with Swarovski, she is launching her own lifestyle product line, Bored to Death, a digital publication: Unfollow, an unconventional event brand called The Party in Shanghai. In 2016, her CCTV Wardrobe and Birmingham Library Drawer from I am a Monument series were featured in the exhibition Alarmark! at the XXI Triennale di Milano, her original crates series were featured in the Expended Housing exhibition of the triennale.

CCTV Wardrobe has been acquired by the M+ Museum, Hong Kong and was featured at their design department's inaugurating exhibition. In 2017, Li participated in Superbenches, a development project aimed at revitalizing Stockholm's Jarfalla suburb. Li contributed a virtual reality installation to the Himalayan Museum in Shanghai, as a response to Leonardo Da Vinci's series of deluge sketches. In 2018, she showcased a new body of work with Amy Li Gallery in Beijing, including the "Leaning Mountain Sofa", part of the third installment of the I Am a Monument series, inspired by Chinese mythology and the Dunhuang Cave Paintings, she contributed production design for Jiang Wen's film, Hidden Man. Official Website

Calvin Blythe

Calvin Blythe was a Pennsylvania lawyer and judge. He served as state Secretary of State and as Attorney General. Blythe's father was David Blythe, who came from Scotland, fought in the Revolutionary War fighting at Trenton and Princeton, his mother was Elizabeth Finley, a niece of Samuel Finley. Blythe graduated from Dickinson College, studied law, he fought in the War of 1812, serving with his brother Samuel. He saw action at Chippewa, Lundy's Lane and Fort Erie, was noted for his bravery. After the war, he completed his legal education and started practicing in Juniata County. In 1827 he was appointed state Secretary of State, to fulfill the vacancy formed when the incumbent became Senator. During this term, he was appointed state Attorney General, to fulfill the vacancy formed when the incumbent accepted a judgeship, but he served only three months. In 1828, he married the daughter of a judge, their children included Calvin Blythe Jr. a doctor. From 1830 until 1839, again from 1842 until 1843, he was President Judge of Pennsylvania's Twelfth Judicial District.

From 1843 until 1845, he was Collector of Customs for the port of Philadelphia. From 1845 until his death, he was in private practice in Philadelphia. In 1832, the newly founded Pennsylvania College of Gettysburg appointed Blythe to their Board of Trustees, which he served on until 1844, he was the third president of the board. He spoke at the College's opening ceremonies. Blythe Township, Schuylkill County, formed in 1846, was named after him

Touch Your Woman (song)

"Touch Your Woman" is a song written and recorded by American singer-songwriter Dolly Parton. It was released on February 1972 as the only single from the album of the same name, it provided a 1972 top-ten country single for her. A tranquil, slow-tempo ballad, the song differed from many of Parton's other hits at the time, in that it was neither an upbeat, lilting country number, nor a nostalgic reminiscence of her rural childhood. "Touch Your Woman" reached number 6 on the U. S. country singles charts in March 1972, though a number of country radio stations refused to play it because they found it too sexually suggestive. It has since been included in a number of Parton's compilation albums, including Best of Dolly Parton, The RCA Years, The Essential Dolly Parton; the lyrics speak of a disagreement between lovers, but concludes with the line "all you have to do to make it right is just touch your woman". The song was covered in late 1972 by R&B artist Margie Joseph, in 2002 by folk singer Kate Campbell.

Touch Your Woman lyrics at Dolly Parton On-Line

Space Jockey (video game)

Space Jockey is a horizontally-scrolling shooter designed by Garry Kitchen for the Atari VCS. It was published under the Vidtec brand of U. S. Games in 1982–the first title from the company. Space Jockey shipped on a 2K cartridge at a time when most VCS games were 4K. Atari, Inc. stopped internal development of 2K games for the console in 1980. Kitchen went on to program the 2600 port of Donkey Kong for Coleco; the player controls an "attack saucer" that flies to the right over undulating terrain. The saucer stops just before it hits the ground; the goal is to shoot ground-based tanks and flying enemies: jet planes, propeller planes and hot air balloons. Trees and houses appear on the ground as obstacles which can be destroyed. Space Jockey was one of three runners-up for the "Best Science Fiction/Fantasy Videogame" category in the 1983 Arcade Awards. According to a 2014 interview with Kitchen, Space Jockey sold over a million copies, but he believes most of those were at a discount. A February 1983 Billboard article on retailers lowering game prices mentioned, "US Games sold off one of its older hits, the 2K Space Jockey, at rock bottom prices through its distributors."Dan Gutman wrote in Electronic Fun with Computers & Games, "The graphics here don't knock you out.

The sound is nothing to phone home about. Space Jockey is a pure test of your reaction time and doesn't pretend to be anything more." TV commercial Gameplay video Space Jockey can be played for free in the browser at the Internet Archive