YouTube is an American video-sharing platform headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion. YouTube allows users to upload, rate, share, add to playlists, report, comment on videos, subscribe to other users, it offers a wide variety of corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, other content such as video blogging, short original videos, educational videos. Most content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the Fandango, BBC, Vevo and Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and selected creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services offering premium and ad-free music streaming, ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities; as of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet, just behind Google; as of May 2019, more than 500 hours of video content are uploaded to YouTube every minute. Based on reported quarterly advertising revenue, YouTube is estimated to have US$15 billion in annual revenues. YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, fluctuating policies on the types of content, eligible to be monetized with advertising.
YouTube was founded by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the 2004 Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site. Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, had been influenced by the website Hot or Not. Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video. According to a story, repeated in the media and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos, shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco.
Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen commented that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story, digestible". YouTube began as a venture capital–funded technology startup from an $11.5 million investment by Sequoia Capital and an $8 million investment from Artis Capital Management between November 2005 and April 2006. YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California; the domain name www.youtube.com was activated on February 14, 2005, the website was developed over the subsequent months. The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo; the video was uploaded on April 23, 2005, can still be viewed on the site. YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May 2005; the first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November 2005.
Following a $3.5 million investment from Sequoia Capital in November, the site launched on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day. At the time of the official launch, YouTube did not have much market recognition; the week of YouTube's launch, NBC-Universal's Saturday Night Live ran a skit "Lazy Sunday" by The Lonely Island. Besides helping to bolster ratings and long-term viewership for Saturday Night Live, "Lazy Sunday" established YouTube as an important website as one of the first viral videos. Unofficial uploads of the skit to YouTube drew in more than five million collective views by February 2006 before they were removed at request of NBC-Universal about two months raising questions of copyright related to viral content, their short presence at the site not only helped spread the name of YouTube, but allowed users to see it was not just for video lovers and people who create thei
Tona, Toña, Toňa and Tóna are given names. Tona is a Danish, Norwegian and Swedish feminine given name in use in Denmark, Sweden, Spain, parts of the United States, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Western Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands; the name is a short form of Antonia as well as an alternate form of Þone. Tona is a Danish and Swedish feminine given name in use in Denmark, Greenland and Norway as a short form of Antona as well as an alternate form of Tone and Torny. Tóna is a Faroese feminine given name, an alternate form of Tona and Torny. Toña is a Spanish feminine given name, a short form of Antonia used in Spain, parts of the United States, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Western Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands. Toňa is a Czech masculine given name, a diminutive form of Antonín used in the Czech Republic, it is a surname. Notable people with this name include the following: Tona Brown, American violinist, mezzo-soprano and transgender woman Tona Rozum, American politician Tona Scherchen, Swiss composer Toña la Negra stagename of Antonia del Carmen Peregrino Álvarez, Mexican singer and actress Elisabetta Tona, Italian football defender Rafel Tona, Catalan painter Theresa Tona, Papua New Guinean taekwondoist All pages with titles beginning with Tona All pages with titles containing Tona Tona Tina Toda Toga Toma Ton'a, Japanese Buddhist poet Ton Tonda Tone Tong Tonga Toni Tonia Tonja Tonka Tono Tonra Tõnu Tony Tonya Tora Tora Tova Tuna
Tejendraprasad Pande, formally known by his full title as Sanatan Dharma Dhurandar Acharya Maharaj Shree 1008 Tejendraprasadji Maharaj was appointed acharya of the Narnarayan Dev gadi of the Swaminarayan Sampraday, a Hindu sect, by his father, the previous acharya and was enthroned on 13 October 1969. He took up the responsibilities of the Swaminarayan Sampraday on the orders of Acharya Devendraprasadji from the age of 14 years. Accompanied by learned people, he travelled to East Africa to nurture the Satsang there, he studied English and other subjects at St. Xavier's High School and St Xavier's College in Ahmedabad. In over 30 years of service to the Sampraday, his accomplishments are numerous; the following is but a summary of the facts detailed in'Dharma Setu', his biography produced in 1994 during the Silver Jubilee & Golden Jubilee Festival. He still remains a popular public figure after retirement. In November 2008, he was invited to release a portfolio of paintings of Shrinathji by the Archer foundation.
Shree Sahajanand Arts & Commerce College Shree Swaminarayan Vidyaalay, Bhuj Shree Sahajanand Elementary School Shree Sahajanand Primary School Shree Sahajanand High School Shree Sahajanand Multi-Course Academy Shree Sahajanand Vaanijay Mahavidyaalay Gurukuls in: Asaarva, Jhilvana, Kalol, Kanbha, Mandvi, Idar, Saayla, Siddhpur Maninagar. PUNA Gurukul, Ahmedabad He established branches of the NNDYM all over the Northern Zone, along with the Lalji Maharajshri Koshalendraprasadji; the organization's membership exceeds tens of thousands of youth, from all backgrounds - students, professionals and others. Its activities include tree planting, blood donation camps, religious camps, seminars and many other useful activities, he established the International Swaminarayan Satsang Organisation on Vijayadashami, 1978 in the United States. It is active there and in the United Kingdom, with regular camps and conferences for young people. 1981 saw commemorations of the sect's founder's bi-centennial birthday.
The largest of these were at Ahmedabad and Muli. Brahmaleen Shree Dongreji Maharaj recited the Bhagwat Katha at the Ahmedabad festival where hundreds of thousands of devotees gathered. A few days he travelled to Kutch and presided over the festival in Bhuj; this was followed by another event at Muli. When Tejendraprasad retired in 2004, his son Koshalendraprasadji was enthroned as the acharya. Tejendraprasad remained active as a leader of the Swaminarayan Sampraday. Swaminarayan Sampraday NarNarayan Dev Gadi Acharya Maharajshree Koshalendraprasad Pande Dharmakul