Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Yugoslavia
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia
Flag
(1961–1991)
Member station Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT)
National selection events
Participation summary
Appearances 27
First appearance 1961
Last appearance 1992
Best result 1st: 1989
Worst result Last: 1964
Nul points: 1964
External links
Yugoslavia's page at Eurovision.tv
Song contest current event.png For the most recent participation see
Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992
Vice Vukov performing "Čežnja" in Naples
Eva Sršen performing "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" in Amsterdam

Yugoslavia participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 27 times, debuting in 1961 and competing every year until its last appearance in 1992, with the exceptions of 1977–1980 and 1985. Yugoslavia won the 1989 contest and hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1990.

Ljiljana Petrović was Yugoslavia's first entrant in the contest in 1961 and placed eighth. In 1962, Lola Novaković gave the country its first top five result, finishing fourth, this would remain Yugoslavia's only top five result until 1983, when Danijel finished fourth with the song "Džuli". Novi Fosili also finished fourth in 1987 with "Ja sam za ples". In 1989, the country achieved its only victory in the contest, when Riva won with the song "Rock Me".

History[edit]

1961–1991: Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961 along with Spain and Finland. The national pre-selection organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT) was Jugovizija, and it featured entries submitted by the subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav federation: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina (RTV Sarajevo), SR Croatia (RTV Zagreb and RTV Split[1]), SR Macedonia (RTV Skopje), SR Montenegro (RTV Titograd), SR Serbia (RTV Belgrade) and SR Slovenia (RTV Ljubljana) and also the broadcasting services of the autonomous provinces within SR Serbia: SAP Kosovo (RTV Priština) and SAP Vojvodina (RTV Novi Sad).[2] The first to compete in 1961 were Belgrade, Ljubljana and Zagreb, while the others joined in the following years.[2]

During its existence, SFR Yugoslavia was represented by a variety of artists from five of the eight Yugoslav federal units, these artists were from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia, with Macedonia, Vojvodina, and Kosovo never passing the national pre-selection. Croatia was the most successful constituent republic, as its performers won the national contest 13 out of the 26 times SFR Yugoslavia took part in the contest, from 1977 to 1980, and in 1985, Yugoslavia didn't participate in the contest.

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia won the Eurovision Song Contest 1989 with the song "Rock Me" by the group Riva. Following the rules of the contest, the Eurovision Song Contest 1990 took place in Zagreb, as the entry came from Croatia.

1992: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia[edit]

During the process of breakup of SFR Yugoslavia in 1991, the former constituent republics: Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia proclaimed independence and hence withdrew from Jugovizija, while the then-leaderships of Serbia and Montenegro agreed to maintain a close alliance. On 28 March 1992, the republics that still (at least formally) constituted the fading and shrunken former Yugoslav federation took part in 1992 Jugovizija held in Belgrade. It included artists not only from Serbia and Montenegro, but also from Bosnia and Herzegovina, although the latter declared independence on 1 March of that year. Among it candidates was Alma Čardžić,[3] the winner of that pre-selection was "Ljubim te pesmama" performed by Extra Nena (Snežana Berić) from Serbia.[4] Before that year's ESC took place, on 28 April, a new federative state was formed consisting of Serbia and Montenegro called Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which was represented by the previously mentioned Extra Nena in the Eurovision Song Contest 1992 held on 9 May.[5][6][7] Yugoslavia was banned from participating in the Song Contest until 2004 due to UN sanctions during the Yugoslav Wars.

1993–present: After the breakup of SFRY[edit]

After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia its former constituent republics proclaimed independence, the once subnational public radio and TV stations changed to national but under new names, including: RTV Slovenia, HRT, RTS, MKRTV and so on. Since joining the EBU respectively, all of the ex-Yugoslav countries have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia.

Overall the results of the new republics have been mixed: Croatia had some top 10 finishes in the mid-1990s, and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina have enjoyed high scores in the 2000s, while the Republic of Macedonia has never secured a top 10 result despite making it through to the final each year until 2008, in which it lost at the semi-final stage. In 2004, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro debuted and came in 2nd and in 2007, Montenegro joined the contest but failed to qualify for the final, while Serbia won the Eurovision Song Contest the first time it entered as an independent nation. In 2013, no ex-Yugoslav country secured a spot in the final, as Bosnia & Herzegovina withdrew before the contest began, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia all failed to qualify in the first semi-final and Macedonia failed to qualify in the second semi-final.

Contestants[edit]

The following lists the 27 contestants that won the local competition and went on to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. Note that the selected entries of 1978–1980 and 1985 did not actually compete at the contest, as Yugoslavia did not participate during those years because of internal political reasons.[specify] Yugoslavia is one of the few countries that have sent all the songs in one of the official languages.

Table key
  Winner
  Second place
  Third place
  Last place
  Withdrew/Disqualified
Year Artist Federal unit Language Title Place Points
1961 Ljiljana Petrović Serbia Serbo-Croatian "Neke davne zvezde" (Неке давне звезде) 8 9
1962 Lola Novaković "Ne pali svetlo u sumrak" (Не пали светло у сумрак) 4 10
1963 Vice Vukov Croatia "Brodovi" (Бродови) 11 3
1964 Sabahudin Kurt Bosnia and Herzegovina "Život je sklopio krug" (Живот је склопио круг) 13 0
1965 Vice Vukov Croatia "Čežnja" (Чежња) 12 2
1966 Berta Ambrož Slovenia Slovene "Brez besed" 7 9
1967 Lado Leskovar "Vse rože sveta" 8 7
1968 Dubrovački trubaduri Croatia Serbo-Croatian "Jedan dan" (Један дан) 7 8
1969 Ivan & 3M "Pozdrav svijetu" (Поздрав свијету) 13 5
1970 Eva Sršen Slovenia Slovene "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" 11 4
1971 Kićo Slabinac Croatia Serbo-Croatian "Tvoj dječak je tužan" (Твој дјечак је тужан) 14 68
1972 Tereza Kesovija "Muzika i ti" (Музика и ти) 9 87
1973 Zdravko Čolić Bosnia and Herzegovina "Gori vatra" (Гори ватра) 15 65
1974 Korni Grupa Serbia "Moja generacija" (Моја генерација) 12 6
1975 Pepel in kri Slovenia Slovene "Dan ljubezni" 13 22
1976 Ambasadori Bosnia and Herzegovina Serbo-Croatian "Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" (Не могу скрити своју бол) 17 10
Did not participate from 1977 to 1980
1981 Vajta Bosnia and Herzegovina Serbo-Croatian "Lejla" (Лејла) 15 35
1982 Aska Serbia "Halo, Halo" (Хало, хало) 14 21
1983 Danijel Montenegro "Džuli" (Џули) 4 125
1984 Vlado & Isolda "Ciao, amore" 18 26
1985a Zorica Kondža feat. Josip Genda Croatia "Pokora" (Покора) Withdrawn
1986 Doris Dragović "Željo moja" (Жељо моја) 11 49
1987 Novi fosili "Ja sam za ples" (Ја сам за плес) 4 92
1988 Srebrna krila "Mangup" (Мангуп) 6 87
1989 Riva "Rock Me"1 1 137
1990 Tajči "Hajde da ludujemo" (Хајде да лудујемо) 7 81
1991 Baby Doll Serbia "Brazil" (Бразил) 21 1
1992 Extra Nena "Ljubim te pesmama" (Љубим те песмама) 13 44
NOTES:
1. ^ Title and parts of chorus are in English.
a ^ Yugoslavia intended to enter the contest in 1985, however due to national memorial day for 5 years of anniversary of death of Josip Broz Tito being held in the country broadcasting any musical program wasn't allowed and JRT was forced to withdraw.

Voting history[edit]

Between 1961 and 1991, Yugoslavia's voting history was as follows:

Hostings[edit]

Year Location Venue Presenters
1990 Zagreb, SR Croatia Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall Helga Vlahović Brnobić and Oliver Mlakar

Commentators and spokespeople[edit]

Year(s) Serbian commentator Croatian commentator Slovene commentator Spokesperson
1961 Ljubomir Vukadinović Gordana Bonetti Tomaž Terček Saša Novak
1962 Mladen Delić
1963 Miloje Orlović
1964 Miloje Orlović Saša Novak
1965 Mladen Delić Ljubo Jelčić
1966 Dragana Marković
1967 Saša Novak
1968 Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1969 Gordana Bonetti
1970 Milovan Ilić Oliver Mlakar Dragana Marković
1971 No spokesperson
1972
1973
1974 Helga Vlahović
1975 Dragana Marković
1976 Viktor Blažič
1977 Did not participate
1978
1979
1980
1981 Mladen Popović Helga Vlahović
1982 Miša Molk
1983 Boško Negovanović
1984 Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova
1985 No broadcast Did not participate
1986 Mladen Popović Oliver Mlakar Miša Molk Enver Petrovci
1987 Ljiljana Tipsarević
1988 Slobodan Kaloper Miša Molk
1989 Miša Molk Dijana Čulić
1990 Branko Uvodić Drago Čulina
1991 Ksenija Urličić Mebrura Topolovac
1992 Separate countries Veselin Mrđen
1993 No broadcast Did not participate
1994 Mladen Popović
1995
1996
1997 Nikola Nešković
1998 Vojislav Pantić
1999 No broadcast
2000
2001 Unknown
2002 Mladen Popović
  • Due to Croatia and Slovenia becoming independent countries in the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 there was no Croatian or Slovene commentator.

Conductors[edit]

All conductors are listed by their republic flags. All but one conductor was Yugoslav.

  • Socialist Republic of Slovenia Jože Privšek (1961–62)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Miljenko Prohaska (1963, 1968–69, 1971)
  • Socialist Republic of Serbia Radivoje Spasić (1964–65)
  • Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mojmir Sepe (1966, 1970)
  • Socialist Republic of Slovenia Mario Rijavec (1967, 1975)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Nikica Kalogjera (1972, 1986–89)
  • Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Esad Arnautalić (1973, 1976)
  • Socialist Republic of Serbia Zvonimir Skerl (1974, 1982)
  • Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ranko Rihtman (1981)
  • Socialist Republic of Montenegro Radovan Papović (1983)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Mato Došen (1984)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Igor Kuljerić (musical director in 1990)
  • Socialist Republic of Croatia Stjepan Mihaljinec (1990)
  • Socialist Republic of Serbia Slobodan Marković (1991)
  • Sweden Anders Berglund (1992)

Non-participating years[edit]

In all, Yugoslavia did not participate in 5 contests: from 1977 to 1980 and again in 1985, due to national memorial day for 5 years of anniversary of death of Josip Broz Tito being held in the country.[8]

Despite this Yugoslavia have had organized national finale for 1978, 1979, 1980 as part of Opatija music festival (Dani Jugoslovenske Zabavne Muzike). Opatija was not held in 1977.

Year Artist Title
1978 Oliver Dragojević "Zbogom ostaj ljubavi" (Goodbye my love)
1979 Novi Fosili "Sklopi oči" (Close your eyes)
1980 Novi Fosili "Najdraže moje" (My favourites)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2008. 
  2. ^ a b Jugovizija statistics by year Archived 26 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Eurodalmatia official ESC fan club, Dalmatia, Croatia
  3. ^ Alma Čardžić Bio – Official Site (in Bosnian) (in Turkish)
  4. ^ Extra Nena Bio – Official Site (in Serbian) (in English)
  5. ^ "Eurovision Trivia: Did you know..." BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  6. ^ Klier, Marcus (28 September 2007). "Interview with Extra Nena". ESCToday. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  7. ^ Deniz, Jose Miguel Galvan (14 March 2005). "Eurovision shows political side". BBC News. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  8. ^ "History – Eurovision Song Contest 1985". Eurovision.tv. Archived from the original on 26 September 2008. 

External links[edit]