Yul Brynner was a Russian-American film and stage actor. Brynner first became known for his portrayal of King Mongkut of Siam in the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The King and I, for which he won two Tony Awards and an Academy Award for the film version, he played the role 4,625 times on stage. He starred as Ramesses II in the Cecil B. DeMille epic The Ten Commandments, he played General Bounine in the film Anastasia, the gunman Chris Adams in The Magnificent Seven and its first sequel Return of the Seven, the android "The Gunslinger" in Westworld and its sequel Futureworld. Brynner was known for his shaved head, which he maintained as a personal trademark long after adopting it in 1951 for his role in The King and I. Earlier, he was a model and television director, a photographer and the author of two books. Yul Brynner was born Yuliy Borisovich Briner on July 11, 1920 in the city of Vladivostok in the Far Eastern Republic, a puppet state controlled by Soviet Russia before being merged into the wider USSR two years later.
He had Swiss-German and Buryat ancestry, was born at home in a four-story residence at 15 Aleutskaya Street, Vladivostok. He had Vera, he enjoyed telling tall tales and exaggerating his background and early life for the press, claiming that he was born "Taidje Khan" of a Mongol father and Roma mother, on the Russian island of Sakhalin. He referred to himself as Julius Briner, Jules Bryner or Youl Bryner; the 1989 biography by his son, Rock Brynner, clarified some of these issues. His father, Boris Yuliyevich Briner, was a mining engineer and inventor, of Swiss-German and Russian descent; the actor's grandfather, Jules Briner, was a Swiss citizen who moved to Vladivostok in the 1870s and established a successful import/export company. Brynner's paternal grandmother, Natalya Yosifovna Kurkutova, was a native of Irkutsk and a Eurasian of part Buryat ancestry. Brynner's mother, Marousia Dimitrievna, hailed from the Russian intelligentsia and studied to be an actress and singer. Brynner felt a strong personal connection to the Romani people.
Boris Briner's work required extensive travel, in 1923, he fell in love with an actress, Katya Kornukova, at the Moscow Art Theatre, soon after abandoned his family. Yul's mother took his elder sister and him to Harbin, where they attended a school run by the YMCA. In 1932, fearing a war between China and Japan, she took them to Paris. Brynner played his guitar in Russian nightclubs in Paris, sometimes accompanying his sister, playing Russian and Roma songs, he trained as a trapeze acrobat and worked in a French circus troupe for five years, but after sustaining a back injury, he turned to acting. In 1938, his mother was diagnosed with leukemia, they moved back to Harbin. In 1940, speaking little English, he and his mother emigrated to the United States aboard the President Cleveland, departing from Kobe, arriving in San Francisco on October 25, 1940, his final destination was New York City, where his sister lived. Vera, a singer, starred in The Consul on Broadway in 1950 and appeared on television in the title role of Carmen.
She taught voice in New York. During World War II, Brynner worked as a French-speaking radio announcer and commentator for the US Office of War Information, broadcasting to occupied France. At the same time, he studied acting in Connecticut with the Russian teacher Michael Chekhov. Brynner's first Broadway performance was a small part in Shakespeare's Twelfth Night in December 1941. Brynner found little acting work during the next few years, but among other acting stints, he co-starred in a 1946 production of Lute Song with Mary Martin, he did some modelling work and was photographed nude by George Platt Lynes. Brynner's first marriage was to actress Virginia Gilmore in 1944, soon after he began working as a director at the new CBS television studios, directing Studio One, among other shows, he made his film debut in Port of New York released in November 1949. The next year, at the urging of Martin, he auditioned for Rodgers and Hammerstein's new musical in New York, he recalled that, as he was finding success as a director on television, he was reluctant to go back on the stage.
Once he read the script, however, he was fascinated by the character of the King and was eager to perform in the project. His role as King Mongkut in The King and I became his best known role, he appeared in the original 1951 production and touring productions, as well as a 1977 Broadway revival, a London production in 1979, another Broadway revival in 1985. He won Tony Awards for both the last of these Broadway productions, he reprised the role in the 1956 film version, for which he won an Academy Award as Best Actor and in Anna and the King, a short-lived TV version on CBS in 1972. Brynner is one of only ten people who have won both an Academy Award for the same role, his connection to the story and the role of King Mongkut is so deep that he was mentioned in the song "One Night in Bangkok", from the 1984 musical Chess, the second act of, set in Bangkok. In 1951, Brynner shaved his head for his role in The King and I. Following the huge success of the Broadway production and subsequent film, Brynner continued to shave his head for the rest of his life, though he wore a wig for certain roles.
Brynner's shaven head was unusual at the time, his striking appearance helped to give him an exotic appeal. Some fans shaved off their h
John Romonosky was an American professional baseball player. A 6 ft 2 in, 195 lb right-handed pitcher, he played parts of three seasons in Major League Baseball, appearing in 32 games for the 1953 St. Louis Cardinals and the 1958–59 Washington Senators, his minor league baseball career spanned 13 seasons between 1949 and 1961. After his first recall from the minor leagues, Romonosky started two games for the Cardinals at the end of the 1953 campaign, earning no decisions. In fact, in his Major League debut against the Milwaukee Braves, the second game of a Sunday doubleheader at County Stadium, the game ended in a 3–3 tie after eight innings of play. Romonosky allowed three earned runs and seven hits in six innings, with two bases on balls and three strikeouts. Sent back to the minors by St. Louis for the 1954 season, Romonosky didn't return to the majors until July 1958 as a member of the Senators, he started five games during that month, but won only one game and he worked out of the bullpen for the remainder of the 1958 campaign, appearing in 18 total MLB games.
He began the next season with Washington, worked in 12 more contests, two as a starter. He posted a career-best 3.29 earned run average that season, but did not pitch in a big-league game after July 27 and spent part of the season with the Double-A Chattanooga Lookouts. However, in his final Major League game in September 1959, he pinch-ran for Senators' slugger Roy Sievers in the eighth inning and scored the winning run in a 5–4 win over the Cleveland Indians at Griffith Stadium. All told, Romonosky yielded 97 hits and 51 bases on balls in 101⅓ major league innings, with 63 strikeouts. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference
Structured concurrency is a programming paradigm aimed at improving the clarity and development time of a computer program by using a structured approach to concurrent programming. The core concept is the encapsulation of concurrent threads of execution by way of control flow constructs that have clear entry and exit points and that ensure all spawned threads have completed before exit; the concept is analogous to structured programming, which introduced control flow constructs that encapsulated sequential statements and subroutines. Such encapsulation allows errors in concurrent threads to be propagated to the control structure's parent scope and managed by the native error handling mechanisms of each particular computer language, it allows control flow to remain evident by the structure of the source code despite the presence of concurrency. To be effective, this model must be applied throughout all levels of the program-- otherwise concurrent threads may leak out, become orphaned, or fail to have runtime errors propagated.
The concept was formulated in 2016 by Martin Sústrik, further refined in 2018 by Nathaniel J. Smith, who implemented it in Trio. Meanwhile, Roman Elizarov independently came upon the same ideas while developing an experimental coroutine library for the Kotlin language. In 2019, the loom project from OpenJDK is adopting structured concurrency to bring it to the Java platform in a future release as part of a larger work on lightweight threads and coroutines A major point of variation is how an error in one member of a concurrent thread tree is handled. Simple implementations will wait until the children and siblings of the failing thread run to completion before propagating the error to the parent scope. However, that could take an indefinite amount of time; the alternative is to employ a general cancellation mechanism to terminate the children and sibling threads in an expedient manner. Structured programming Structured Concurrency, Alan Bateman, OpenJDK wiki Structured concurrency forum, cross-computer-language discussion of structured concurrency with participation by Sústrik and Elizarov