808 State are an English electronic music group formed in 1987 in Manchester, taking their name from the Roland TR-808 drum machine. They were formed by Graham Massey, Martin Price and Gerald Simpson, they released their debut album, Newbuild, in September 1988; the band secured commercial success in 1989, when their song "Pacific State" was picked up by BBC Radio 1 DJ Gary Davies. Martin Price was the owner of a record shop, Eastern Bloc, was the founder of the independent record label, Creed. Customers Graham Massey and Gerald Simpson joined with Price to form a hip hop group called Hit Squad Manchester. Soon after, the band shifted to an acid house sound, recording the debut Newbuild in 1988, while using the name 808 State for the first time. Newbuild was released on Price's own record label. In an interview with Mojo magazine in 2005, Graham Massey explained that the album was recorded over the course of a winter weekend in January 1988 at Spirit Studios, Manchester; the album was named after a Bolton housing co-operative.
The record was re-released in 2005 on Aphex Twin's Rephlex Records. Aphex Twin was a huge fan of the record: "It was the next step after Chicago acid, as much as I loved that, I could relate much better to 808 State, it seemed colder and more human at the same time."Around the same time, the band recorded an acid house version of New Order's "Blue Monday". A favourite at The Haçienda's Hot Night, the recording was believed lost until Autechre's Sean Booth asked Massey to dig through his archive of old material; the record was released in 2004 by Rephlex Records. "We didn’t put a lot of thought into it but maybe that’s its charm," said Massey at the time. Massey had been a member of the band Aqua in the 1970s, along with the violinist Graham Clark, a former pupil of Manchester Grammar School; the band's song "Pacific State" was released as a single, peaking at number 10 in the UK Singles Chart. Simpson left the group in 1989 to form his own solo project, A Guy Called Gerald. At this point, the remaining personnel enlisted DJs Andrew Barker and Darren Partington, known as the Spinmasters, recorded the EP, Quadrastate in July 1989.
Ninety was released in December 1989. MC Tunes worked with the band on the 1990 album, The North At Its Heights; the album was a moderate success, reaching number 26 in the UK Albums Chart, saw a European and Japanese release. It spawned three UK singles, "The Only Rhyme That Bites" – featuring a sample of "The Big Country" performed by The City of Prague Philharmonic –, "Tunes Splits the Atom" and "Primary Rhyming"; the first two issues credited MC Tunes versus 808 State, whilst the latter was MC Tunes. Tunes returned in 1996 to work with on a new track, "Pump", taken from 808 State's album Thermo Kings. 808 State's next album was released in 1991, Ex:el, which featured the vocals of Bernard Sumner and Björk. The songs included "In Yer Face", "Cubik" and "Lift". In October 1991, Price left the group to perform solo production work forming his own label, Sun Text; the remaining members released a fourth album called Gorgeous, after that, did some remix work for David Bowie and other performers, before returning with the album entitled Don Solaris in 1996.
It featured contributions from James Dean Bradfield, who sung vocals on "Lopez", which reached number 20 in the UK Singles Chart. This song was remixed by Brian Eno; the song "Bond" featured vocals by Mike Doughty from the band Soul Coughing and "Azura" featured Lou Rhodes from Lamb. They released a greatest hits compilation album, 808:88:98 in 1998. In 2000, Newbuild was re-released; some of the band's work in the albums Ex:el and Gorgeous show their new wave influences by sampling or featuring new wave icons such as Bernard Sumner on the song "Spanish Heart" and Ian McCulloch on "Moses". The song "Contrique" samples the bassline to Joy Division's "She's Lost Control" and "10 X 10" is a gospel-house track built on the foundation of The Jam's "Start!". In 2003, they released Outpost Transmission which featured guest collaborations from the Alabama 3 and Guy Garvey from Elbow. In May 2008, the re-issue of the album Quadrastate completed a trilogy of pre-ZTT releases on CD for the first time; the band is still active and performing DJ sets.
Partington left the band after being jailed for 18 months in January 2015 for dealing heroin and crack cocaine. He continues to DJ and is lead singer with new Manchester band'Big Unit', a rock band with acid house underpinnings. In April 2018 the remaining members announced a brand new live show for a 30th Anniversary Tour to take place in November/December; the show will feature new versions of tracks from their 30-year history and new material from their forthcoming sixth studio album. 808 State's style has been labeled as techno and house, the band are regarded as "a pioneer of the acid house sound". The band's album, was influential in the development of Madchester and baggy scenes. Partington and Barker presented the 808 State Radio Show, first on Sunset 102 from 1989 to 1993, on Kiss 102 from 1994 to 1997. In 2012 they reinvented the program as the 808 State Webio Show for a number of months on Mike Joyce's internet based BeatWolf Radio. In 1990, 808 State composed the theme tune to the Channel 4 television programme, The Word.808 State and its various members have recorded under a variety of pseudonyms.
An early EP, containing the tracks "Mssage-a-Rama" and "Sex Mechanic", was released under the name Lounge Jays. These tracks have since been re-released by Rephlex Records on the Prebuild LP. Another early EP, Wax on the Melt, was released under the name Hit Squad Mcr; this is the only release on which all five members of the group (Massey
Roy Kelton Orbison was an American singer and musician known for his powerful voice, wide vocal range, impassioned singing style, complex song structures, dark, emotional ballads. The combination led many critics to describe his music as operatic, nicknaming him "the Caruso of Rock" and "the Big O". While most male rock-and-roll performers in the 1950s and 1960s projected a defiant masculinity, many of Orbison's songs instead conveyed vulnerability. During performances, he was known for standing still and solitary and for wearing black clothes to match his dyed jet-black hair and dark sunglasses. Born in Texas, Orbison began singing in a country-and-western band in high school, he was signed by Sam Phillips, of Sun Records, in 1956, but his greatest success came with Monument Records. From 1960 to 1966, 22 of his singles reached the Billboard Top 40, he wrote or co-wrote all that rose to the Top 10, including "Only the Lonely", "Running Scared", "Crying", "In Dreams", "Oh, Pretty Woman". Soon afterward, he was struck by a number of personal tragedies.
In the 1980s, Orbison experienced a resurgence in popularity following the success of several cover versions of his songs. In 1988, he co-founded the Traveling Wilburys, a rock supergroup, with George Harrison, Bob Dylan, Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne. Orbison died of a heart attack in December 1988 at the age of 52. One month Orbison's song "You Got It", co-written with Lynne and Petty, was released as a solo single and became his first hit to break the U. S. Top 10 in 25 years. Orbison's honors include inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in the same year, the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1989. Rolling Stone placed him at number 37 on their list of the "Greatest Artists of All Time" and number 13 on their list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time'. In 2002, Billboard magazine listed Orbison at number 74 in the Top 600 recording artists. Roy Kelton Orbison was born in Vernon, the middle son of Orbie Lee Orbison, an oil well driller and car mechanic, Nadine Vesta Shults, a nurse.
After the Great Depression, the family moved to Fort Worth in 1942 searching for work, according to Marcel Riesco's research on the "Authorized Roy Orbison" both parents found jobs at the aircraft factories, expanded as a result of the United States entering World War II. Orbison’s direct paternal ancestor was Thomas Orbison from Lurgan, County Armagh, Northern Ireland who settled in Pennsylvania Colony in the mid 18th century. Young Roy Orbison attended Denver Avenue Elementary School until a polio scare prompted the family to return to Vernon. In 1946, they moved to Wink, Texas. Orbison described life in Wink as "football, oil fields, oil and sand" and expressed relief that he was able to leave the desolate town. All the Orbison children were afflicted with poor eyesight, he was not confident about his appearance and began dyeing his nearly-white hair black when he was still young. He was quiet, self-effacing, remarkably polite and obliging—a product, biographer Alan Clayson wrote, of his Southern upbringing.
He was available to sing and became the focus of attention when he did. He considered his voice memorable. On Roy's sixth birthday, his father gave him a guitar, he recalled that by the age of seven, "I was finished, you know, for anything else". His major musical influence as a youth was country music, he was moved by Lefty Frizzell's singing, with its slurred syllables.. He enjoyed Hank Williams and Jimmie Rodgers. One of the first musicians he heard in person was Ernest Tubb, playing on the back of a flatbed truck in Fort Worth. In West Texas, he was exposed to many forms of music: "sepia", Tex-Mex, the orchestral arrangements of Mantovani, cajun; the cajun favorite "Jole Blon" was one of the first songs. At the age of eight, he began singing on a local radio show. By the late 1940s, he was the show's host. In high school and some friends formed a band, the Wink Westerners, they played country standards and Glenn Miller songs at local honky-tonks and had a weekly radio show on KERB in Kermit. When they were offered $400 to play at a dance, Orbison realized that he could make a living in music.
After graduating from Wink High School, he enrolled at North Texas State College in Denton, planning to study geology so that he could secure work in the oil fields if music did not pay. Orbison heard that his North Texas State schoolmate Pat Boone had signed a record deal, which further strengthened his resolve to become a professional musician. While at North Texas State College, Roy heard a song called "Ooby Dooby", composed by Dick Penner and Wade Moore in mere minutes atop a fraternity house at the college, after his first year of college, he returned to Wink with "Ooby Dooby" in hand and continued performing with the Wink Westerners. Orbison moved to Odessa and enrolled in Odessa Junior College; as two members of the band quit, one to attend school elsewhere and one to join the Navy, two new members were added to the group, who won a talent contest and obtained their own television show on KMID-TV in Midland, Texas. The Wink Westerners kept performing on local TV, played dances on the weekends, attended college during the day.
While living in
Sarm West Studios
SARM Studios is a recording studio located in Notting Hill, London. The studios were established by Chris Blackwell, the founder of Island Records, were known as Basing Street Studios, it has been known in the past as Island Studios. SARM is an acronym of Recording Mobiles; the studios were built inside a former church, deconsecrated. Blackwell recorded a number of artists there for Island Records, such as Iron Maiden, Bob Marley, Steve Winwood, Bad Company, Robert Palmer, Jimmy Cliff, Nick Drake, Fairport Convention, King Crimson, John Martyn, Mott the Hoople, Roxy Music, Brian Eno, Cat Stevens, Spooky Tooth, Traffic, If, Jethro Tull, the Average White Band, the Sensational Alex Harvey Band; the studios were used by notable non-Island Records acts, such as Madonna, ABC, The Clash, Pet Shop Boys, KT Tunstall, Depeche Mode, The Eagles, Dire Straits, East 17, Take That, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Paul McCartney, The Rolling Stones, Yes, Led Zeppelin, Joan Armatrading, Nik Kershaw and the Lighthouse Family.
In 1970, two famous albums were recorded at the studios at the same time: Led Zeppelin's Led Zeppelin IV and Jethro Tull's Aqualung. Bob Marley & The Wailers and the Rolling Stones were in the studios at the same time at one point in 1973. Marley lived for a year in an upstairs apartment at SARM, his personal chef cooked at SARM for most of the 1980s. Queen booked the studios in summer 1977 and recorded part of their album News of the World there, including the hit "We Are the Champions"; the cathedral organ on George Michael's album Faith was played there. In the mid 1970s, Sarm was the first 24-track recording studio in England. In November 1984, Studio 1 at Sarm West was the venue for the recording of "Do They Know It's Christmas" by the members of Band Aid in support of relief efforts for the 1984–1985 famine in Ethiopia. In November 2014, the studios were used to record the Band Aid 30 charity single. In May 2011, the studios announced a major refurbishment which would result in two new studios as well as music business offices.
The redesign would include living accommodation, with the aim of facilitating a return to the studios’ 1970s policy of concentrating on long-term bookings. The studios are owned by SPZ Group, a holding company belonging to Trevor Horn and his late wife Jill Sinclair; the Sarm Studios complex houses the offices of the SPZ-owned record labels ZTT Records and Stiff Records, publishing companies Perfect Songs and Unforgettable Songs. Sarm East Studios Official site SPZ Group RecordProduction.com
The Lexicon of Love
The Lexicon of Love is the debut album by English pop band ABC. It was released in June 1982, on the labels Neutron and Vertigo; the album entered the UK Albums Chart at number-one and has been certified Platinum by the BPI. It features four UK Top 20 hit singles, including "Tears Are Not Enough", "Poison Arrow", "The Look of Love" and "All of My Heart". Though not a concept album, the album features repeated themes in which the singer experiences heartache as he tries and fails to have a meaningful relationship. A longform music video/film, featuring songs from the album was released in 1983; the Lexicon of Love was ABC's debut album. The band had formed a few years earlier as Vice Versa and released their first single as ABC "Tears Are Not Enough" in 1981; the songs on the album were written collectively by the band, with arranger Anne Dudley given song writing credits on some tracks. Martin Fry said that the bands ambition was to fuse punk and disco, music, more sophisticated but still had some attitude.
Lyrically the songs are all about the matters of the heart. "Most of the other people were writing about electric pylons. We wanted to hark back to Cole Porter and his ilk, but in a modern way", Fry said; the title The Lexicon of Love originated from a headline of a live review of ABC in NME. The majority of the album was recorded at Sarm East Studios in London, as well as at Abbey Road Studios, Townhouse Studios, RAK Studios and Good Earth Studios; the production includes both orchestral arrangements and the use of the latest technology. The album was produced by Trevor Horn, engineered by Gary Langan and features orchestrations by Anne Dudley and Fairlight CMI programming by J. J. Jeczalik. Indeed, most of the production team and session players on the album would form the basis for the ZTT label, their work with Horn meant all concerned would be in constant demand throughout the industry in years to come; the cover photo is by Gered Mankowitz."Tears Are Not Enough", "All of My Heart", "Poison Arrow" and "The Look of Love" were all Top 20 hits in the UK.
18, respectively. The album peaked at No. 24 in the US charts. The album was followed by a tour with the band extended to a 11-piece on stage, reaching Europe, USA and Japan; the shows at Hammersmith Odeon in November 1982 were recorded for inclusion in ABC's forthcoming film Mantrap. In 2004, a deluxe 2-disc reissue including unreleased outtakes and early demos and a live performance of the album from 1982 was released on the Neutron label. In 2009, ABC performed the album integrally at the Royal Albert Hall in London, accompanied by the BBC Concert Orchestra and conducted by arranger and composer Anne Dudley, they were joined onstage by the album's producer Trevor Horn. The Lexicon of Love was again performed live in its entirety on 18 December 2012 at Theatre Royal Drury Lane; this marked the 30th anniversary of the album's release and once again featured Dudley as conductor, performing with the Southbank Sinfonia Orchestra. The same line-up concluded a four-date mini-tour at this same venue on 30 March 2014 performing the album in its entirety.
Martin Fry and band were once more accompanied by the Southbank Sinfonia Orchestra for dates at Liverpool's Philharmonic Hall, Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, Sheffield City Hall, the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in London and Symphony Hall, between November 4th and 9th, 2015. A sequel album The Lexicon of Love II was released on 27 May 2016; the album was a commercial success. It remained on the charts for 50 weeks, it was the fourth biggest selling album in the UK in 1982. In a review of the 2004 Deluxe Edition BBC stated that "The Lexicon of Love stands as a landmark album in British pop". Rob Webb wrote: "It underpins just what a sharp band ABC were: witty and very funky Each track is a love affair in miniature: some are touching, others a bitter invective at misplaced passion. There is more going on in "2 Gether 4 Ever" than many bands squeeze into an entire album Dance music had been so literate."AllMusic wrote: "The production style was dense and noisy, but beautiful, the group's emotional songs gave it a depth and coherence Horn works would lack."
"Fry and company used the sound to create moving dancefloor epics like "Many Happy Returns," which, like most of the album's tracks, deserved to be a hit single." NME listed it number 15 on its list of 50 albums of the 80s. NME listed it number 3 on its list of 50 albums of the year 1982. Uncut listed It number 52 on its list of 100 greatest debut albums. Mojo listed it in its list of 9 albums of the year 1982; the Village Voice listed it number 19 on its list of 20 albums of the year 1982. Q magazine listed it number 40 on its list of the 100 greatest British albums ever. Q magazine readers voted The Lexicon of Love the 92nd greatest album of all time; the Observer Music Monthly listed it number 42 on its list "Top 100 British Albums". Mentioned in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear. All tracks written by Martin Fry, Mark White, Stephen Singleton and David Palmer, except where noted. Additional track listings ABC Martin Fry – lead and background vocals Mark White – guitars.
Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel, known professionally as Seal, is a British singer and songwriter. He has sold over 20 million records worldwide, with his first international hit song, "Crazy", released in 1991, his most celebrated song, "Kiss from a Rose", released in 1994. Seal has won multiple awards including three Brit Awards; as a songwriter, he received two Ivor Novello Awards for Best Song Musically and Lyrically from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors for "Killer" and "Crazy". He was a coach on The Voice Australia in 2012 and 2013, returned to Australia to work as a coach in 2017. Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel was born on 19 February 1963 at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, London, to Nigerian mother, Adebisi Ogundeji, African-Brazilian father, Francis Samuel, he was raised by a foster family in London. He worked various jobs in the London area. In the 1980s, Seal spent a short time singing in local bars. In 1987 he joined Push, a British funk band, toured with them in Japan. In Thailand he joined a blues band for a while before separating from the group and journeying throughout India on his own.
He returned to England, sleeping on the couch of friend Julian Bunster a model. He sometimes asked him "do I sing well?" to which he received the response that he sang better than most current artists. He met the producer Adamski and was given the lyrics of the song "Killer", a huge hit in 1990 and catapulted his career. Seal first came to public attention as vocalist on the Adamski single "Killer" in 1990; the single reached number one in the UK. Seal subsequently signed to ZTT Records and released his self-titled début album in 1991. Two versions of the album are known to be in circulation: the original "premix" version and a second, more common version with an updated mix; this is attributed to the demand for a produced single rushing the final album edit and, as Seal puts it, his and producer Horn's "inability to let go". Seal was positively received by critics; the singles "Crazy", "Future Love Paradise" and his own rendition of "Killer" performed well on the charts. In particular, "Crazy" became an international hit in 1991, reaching number two in the UK Singles Chart and number seven on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US.
Seal stole the show at the 1992 Brit Awards held at the Hammersmith Odeon, with the first hat-trick of wins in the history of the event. He won in three categories: Best British Video and Best British Album. In 1992 Seal appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation CD Red Hot + Dance, contributing an exclusive track "Crazy"; the album, featuring George Michael and Madonna among others, raised money and awareness in support of the AIDS epidemic by donating all proceeds to AIDS charities. After Seal regrouped with Trevor Horn, his second album self-titled, was released in 1994. A success, the album featured the singles "Prayer for the Dying" and "Newborn Friend", received a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year. "Prayer for the Dying" became a minor pop hit in the US, peaking at number 21 on the Billboard Hot 100. A third single, "Kiss from a Rose", performed modestly when released but was featured to much wider popularity when it was remixed for the soundtrack to Batman Forever. "Kiss from a Rose" won a Grammy Award for Record of the Year and Grammy Award for Song of the Year in 1996, becoming Seal's best performing single on the US market and hit number four in the UK.
In 1998 Seal released Human Being. The album was the product of a turbulent time in his life, including a split and reconciliation with producer Horn as well as Seal's parting with ZTT Records and his signing with Warner Bros. Records in 1997; the record was panned upon its release. It received Gold record certification by the RIAA just two months after its release date; the album provided three singles, "Human Beings", "Latest Craze", "Lost My Faith". In 2001 fans awaited the arrival of a new album, announced as Togetherland. After a protracted post-production period the album was cancelled; the official word was that Seal did not think it made the grade, although this conflicts with other reports, that said the album was turned down by the label because producers felt the album would not be commercially successful. So, one single was released from the album. "This Could Be Heaven" was featured on The Family Man soundtrack. Since December 2006, Seal has indicated that he has plans to excerpt cuts from Togetherland and make them available for streaming download.
Meanwhile, Seal co-wrote and provided vocals for the hit single "My Vision" from Jakatta in 2002. He recorded a successful duet with the French singer Mylène Farmer called "Les Mots" during that same period. In 2002, Seal lent his vocals to the song "You Are My Kind", the fourth track on Santana's album Shaman. In 2003 Seal released his fourth album, again self-titled, except for Australia, where it was released under the title Seal IV. Although it never achieved the sales figures of either of his first two albums, this release brought him back into the public eye in the United States and continental Europe. Singles from the album included. In 2004 a greatest hits album entitled Seal: Best 1991–2004 was released, including a cover of the Bacharach / David classic "Walk On By" an
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Adventures in Modern Recording
Adventures in Modern Recording is the second and final studio album by British synthpop duo The Buggles, released in 1981 on Carrere Records. Made one year after their stint as members of Yes, the album contains nine tracks, including a stripped-down version of Yes's "Into the Lens", here entitled, "I Am a Camera"; the album as released was a Trevor Horn solo effort, Geoffrey Downes having joined Asia before recording began. Bruce Woolley assisted in completing the tracks. Adventures in Modern Recording was one of the earliest to use the Fairlight CMI, one of the first digital sampling synthesizers. Although Adventures suffered commercial failure in the United Kingdom, it did get chart performance in the United States, reaching number 161 on the Billboard 200. Like The Age of Plastic it was positively received by critics. Both "We Can Fly from Here" and "Riding a Tide" were rerecorded by Yes for their 2011 studio album Fly from Here. On 10 January 1980, The Buggles, a duo of Trevor Horn and Geoff Downes, released their debut album The Age of Plastic.
Labeled by writers as the first electropop landmark, the album, lyrically both promoting and concerning modern technology, included musical influences and elements of disco, progressive rock and pop music from the 1960s. Four singles were released from the album, one of them including "Video Killed the Radio Star" which topped sixteen international record charts; the album was difficult to follow up to, but Horn was wanting to see how it would follow. According to Trevor Horn, Adventures in Modern Recording was planned to be more "left-field" than The Age of Plastic: "We had some pretty weird material. Things like ‘Vermillion Sands’ and some weird little things that we’d done; the best we had was ‘I Am A Camera’, one of the things, a demo we’d done on a Sunday afternoon and was one of the best things Geoffrey and I did I thought."When Adventures was about to be recorded, Buggles member Geoff Downes had split from the group to form the band Asia, the group was dropped from Island Records, which they thought they finished the album.
Horn and shocked, had to make a second Buggles, so Jill Sinclair decided she make a deal with French label Carrere Records, DJ Claude Carrere would help fund the album. While Adventures in Modern Recording was a Trevor Horn solo project, Downes was still involved in the project, he has writing and production credits on three tracks from Adventures, "Vermillion Sands", "I Am a Camera" and "Lenny", where he handled the drum programming, as well as being the keyboardist on a song he didn't co-write with Horn, "Beatnik". Australian producer Julian Mendelsohn and Gary Langan, who handled the mixing and recording for The Age of Plastic were engineers on the album. Langan and Anne Dudley, credited as keyboardist on "Beatnik", would form The Art of Noise. Other note-worthy contributors including percussion on "Beatnik" was from Horn's long-time collaborator Luis Jardim, while Yes bassist Chris Squire was brought on board to provide "sound effects" for the title track. Horn said, "There were bits of bits of Simon Darlow.
But I finished it off myself with Gary. But by the time I’d finished it off I’d sort of lost interest in it a little, because I didn’t think there was a single there…" This album marks the first time in Horn's production career that he had worked with sampling, which the sampling techniques on Adventures would be used for records Horn produced like Slave To The Rhythm by Grace Jones, Art of Noise's The Seduction of Claude Debussy and Frankie Goes To Hollywood's Welcome to the Pleasuredome. Adventures in Modern Recording was one of the first commercially available albums to feature sounds from the Fairlight CMI, one of the first digital sampling synthesizers."Things like ‘Beatnik’ were me just messing around with gear and just having a silly idea,” he said. “I was quite fascinated by Fairlight brass and all of those kind of things that Geoffrey and I had started messing around with before he went off to join Asia. And I thought, a pretty good direction... So I sort of perfected a load of production tricks on Adventures In Modern Recording.
Loads of productions tricks…" In 1989, Sincer Records Re-Released the album on CD. It only held the songs from the original LP; the album was issued on CD in 1993 by Japanese label Jimco Records. In 1997 it was reissued with this time on the Japanese Flavour of Sound label. A new reissue was released by Salvo Records/ZTT on 15 February 2010. Adventures in Modern Recording first charted in Sweden, appearing at the number 50 spot on the second week of 1982. Unlike The Age of Plastic, Adventures in Modern Recording was not able to appear on the UK Albums chart, but it was able to chart in the United States. By March, it bubbled under the Billboard 200 chart, before entering the chart at number 161 in April; that same month, it debuted on the Dutch Albums Chart at number 26, where it lasted there for three weeks. The album has received critically positive reviews, although more mixed than The Age of Plastic, it was one of Billboard's "recommended LPs" on 20 February 1982. Allmusic's Jeri Montesano, who gave the album 4 out of 5 stars, considered the album's quality to equal The Age of Plastic, compared the two to pop music in the 1990s that he found "unimaginative".
An Amazon.com editorial review described Adventures in Modern Recording as "something of a lost classic, with great vocals by Trevor Horn and a sparkling electronic sound, completely