The Piano Concerto No. 2 was written by Philip Glass in 2004. It is called the Piano Concerto No. 2: After Lewis and Clark, due to its musical representation of the American pioneers. It was composed for the Nebraska Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Commission, the Lied Center for Performing Arts, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Hixson-Lied College of Fine and Performing Arts, it is included as one of the concerti in Glass' Concerto Project, a four-volume collection of commissioned works. The work itself deals with the journey of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, interpreting the stages of their expedition progressively in each movement; the work is scored for the following Classical-size orchestra: One Native American flute, one clarinet, one oboe, one bassoon One trumpet, two horns in F Bass drum, snare drum, tambourine Strings and solo pianoNote that this orchestration is small-scale in comparison to much of Glass' other symphonic work. The work is in the standard three-movement concerto format, with the traditional fast-slow-fast tempo changes.
As he discussed in regard to his earlier Violin Concerto, Glass did not use the conventional format as a cession to tradition, but rather as a tool for depiction of the specific concerto theme. The opening movement begins with a broad statement by the piano and orchestra, working in unison to form a collaboration of orchestral minor chords and a whirling series of piano triplets shifting between minor and major modes; the agitated introduction settles onto a simple but expressive main theme punctuated by the tambourine. After a short while the piece quietens into a quick piano solo, which soon develops into a mellow exchange between the piano and woodwinds; the movement builds in intensity with characteristic Glass octave leaps into a rhythmic and repetitive climax sponsoring a calling trumpet supported by shifting piano undertones. The climax declines until the snare and piano share two major-key progressions, signalling a short but fluid exit of instruments; the last to leave are the strings.
Glass wishes to convey a sense of structure and order, symbolizing the resolve of travelers. The second movement is characterized by a soft flute theme representing Sacagawea, the Native American girl who aided the travelers during the harsh winter during their trek through the United States midwest; the movement opens with piano repetitions. This shifts into a mild, playful exchange in which the piano and flute form a quick duet. Abruptly ending, the climax turns into a recapitulation of the original "Sacagawea" theme; the second part concludes with the lonely flute performing long, simple notes, the piano playing indiscernible C major chords. The second part is only scored for flute, snare and piano. Not only does Glass attempt to make an audible representation of Sacagawea, but he makes a clear effort to emphasize the relationship between the figures; the times of playfulness are distinct from those of sombre exchange. The second movement is notable in that it shows a distinct change in Glass' style, a statement supported by the fact that the piano mentions the characteristic triplet construction used by Glass in most of his work only once.
The final movement begins quietly. All of the instruments excluded from the preceding movement are reintroduced. After a series of sullen string lengths, as well as quick woodwind undertone, the piano enters the movement uncommonly late-more than two minutes into play. After some time, the work begins to escalade until it reaches a climactic moment in the concerto, a point of unforeseen energy and enthusiasm; this is recapitulated multiple times before the movement reverts to its original minor mode introductory material. The concerto finishes with piano solo, sadly playing low F minor chords; the final part of the work is its most important. Glass comments: "I wanted this final movement to reflect the expanse of time - what the land was before the expedition and what it became after." Glass emphasizes progression in this movement. The concerto premiered in 2004 at the Lied Center for Performing Arts in Nebraska; the pianist was Paul Barnes. Playing the prominent flute part of the second movement was R. Carlos Nakai.
The Omaha Symphony Orchestra provided for the rest of the scoring commands. The premiere was a success, due to its youth as a concerto, the work has not received the full scope of musical attention given to that of Glass' earlier work. Part of The Concerto Project The Concerto Project is a s
Fowsiyo Yusuf Haji Adan is a Somali politician. From 4 November 2012 to 17 January 2014, she served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister of Somalia. On 4 November 2012, Adan was named Foreign Minister of Somalia by Prime Minister Abdi Farah Shirdon, she is the first woman to have been selected for the position. Adan was appointed Deputy Prime Minister. In November 2012, the Somali federal authorities issued an official request to the United Nations Security Council for assistance in recovering public assets and funds that were being held abroad; the state properties had been frozen by foreign administrations and firms after the collapse of Somalia's central government in 1991 in order to prevent unauthorized use. In January 2013, Adan and other members of Somalia's reconstituted Cabinet began a formal assessment and recovery process of Somali national assets, which include ships and planes that are believed to be held in Italy and Yemen. In late May 2013, Adan and Foreign Minister of the United Arab Emirates Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan signed a Memorandum of Understanding on bilateral cooperation.
The agreement re-establishes formal diplomatic ties between Somalia and the UAE, focuses on the political, economic and development sectors. Additionally, the Emirati government announced. In August 2013, follow a meeting with Chinese Vice Premier Wang Yang, Adan announced that the Somali authorities looked forward to cooperation with the Chinese government in the energy, national security and agriculture sectors, among others. Wang praised the traditional friendship between both nations and re-affirmed China's commitment to the Somali peace process. In September 2013, both governments signed an official cooperation agreement in Mogadishu as part of a five-year national recovery plan in Somalia; the pact will see the Chinese authorities reconstruct several major infrastructural landmarks in the Somali capital and elsewhere, including the National Theatre, a hospital, the Mogadishu Stadium, as well as the road between Galkayo and Burao in northern Somalia. Additionally, Chinese ambassador Liu Guangyoun indicated that China would re-open its embassy in Mogadishu on land, donated for the purpose by the Somali government.
Adan's term as Somalia's Minister of Foreign Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister ended on 17 January 2014, when new Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed appointed Abdirahman Duale Beyle as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Ridwan Hirsi Mohamed as Deputy Prime Minister